The informal sector is a large part of employment in African cities. The International Labour Organization estimates that more than 66% of total employment in Sub-Saharan African is in the informal sector. With a pervasive informal sector, city governments have been struggling with how best to respond. On the one hand, a large informal sector often adds to city congestion, through informal vending and transport services, and does not contribute to city revenue. Furthermore, informal enterprises are typically characterized by low productivity, low wages and non-exportable goods and services. On the other hand, the informal sector provides crucial livelihoods to the most vulnerable of the urban poor.
Avec près de la moitié de la population résidant en zones urbaines, le Sénégal présente un taux d’urbanisation supérieur à la moyenne observée en Afrique subsaharienne (40 %). Dans ce pays, la proportion de citadins a quasiment doublé ces dernières décennies — de 23 % dans les années 1960, elle est passée à 43 % en 2013 — et devrait s’établir à 60 % à l’horizon 2030. Certes, cet essor s’accompagne d’immenses défis, mais il offre aussi aux responsables sénégalais l’occasion d’opérer une transformation structurelle de l’économie.
With almost half of its population living in urban areas, Senegal is ahead of Sub-Saharan Africa’s average urbanization rate of 40%. Senegal’s urban population has almost doubled in the last few decades, rising from 23% in 1960 to 43% in 2013, and is projected to reach 60% by 2030. This growth comes with immense challenges, but also constitutes an opportunity for Senegalese policymakers to structurally transform the Senegalese economy.
A comparison of costs of living across major cities in the world regularly intrigues people. The latest annual report by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), for example, points to Singapore as the most expensive city to live in. The cheapest city in the ranking of 133 cities is Lusaka in Zambia, followed by two Indian cities Bangalore and Mumbai.