Tijan, in your eminently sensible and correct post, you don't mention that President Kagame's critique of aid is actually very different from Dambisa Moyo's. Dambisa wants to cut aid because she thinks it goes to corrupt dictators and causes real-exchange-rate appreciation. President Kagame's point is that even well-intentioned aid can lead to aid dependency as a low-level equilibrium. His other critique of aid to Congo and Afghanistan are more along the lines of those in Paul Collier's latest book, "Wars, Guns and Votes," namely that we are giving the wrong kind of aid. President Kagame's commentary therefore should not be seen as an implicit endorsement of Dambisa's arguments; nor should people who dismiss Dambisa's book ignore President Kagame's cogent critique of aid.