How far has Africa gone in the fulfulment of rural development aspirations? When one considers so much billions of dollars- both grants and loaned money, pumped into rural development one wonders whether we are close to the aspired target. Secondly, who is in control of rural development? Is it the intended target beneficiaries whose soci-economic plight provides the rationale for the rural development interventions, or resource regulators vis a vis project/ programme management team? It is high time rural development programming was left sorely in the hands of the poor to manage their destiny rather than regulators taking the centre stage!