I very much share Ivo Njosa's emphasis on accountability. As Shanta notes, some progress is being made, and I dare say thanks to progress in education and openness to increasingly vocal NGOs. Deepening democracy accounts for much of this progress. However, where it is not underpinned adequately by strong institutions, the democratization process remains fragile and so is the accountability we have witnessed todate. Because of the need to balance competing demands in new democracies, the public sector is inherintly slow in building institutions. I very much subbscribe to the view that further progress in accountability will hinge on strengthening the demand side. To the extent that they are increasingly being locally funded and thereby acquiring grass-roots legitimacy, NGOs have been a good start. So are efforts to incorporate in projects capacity building for strengthening the demad-side for accountability. But I think new thinking is needed to increase the number of businessmen in the private sector, which in many African countries remain the most significant tax payers, and could provide the most effective demand for accountability. Despite the many efforts in this regard, I think that interventions remain timid and resources are wasted. That's a bit presumptuous on my part, but I do believe much more can be achieved if a large proportion of available resources is allocated to elimating more substantive than imaginary private sector bottlenecks.