Transformation cannot occur without deterrent. The success of public sector reforms will mirror the national/ goc mindset. No reform can be put in place if rentiers prevails, if nepotism and corroption are unabashed. The most critical reform to be put in place are the following: - Reform of the judicial system - Implementation of robust supreme audit institutions. From this point, no "encouragement" will be needed: incentives will be in place and EFFECTIVE deterrents may be triggered. As Martin Luther king said, "True peace is not merely the absence of tension: it is the presence of justice".