A very interesting observation. Most of the communal facilities continue to lack ownership in our society-Africa. The examples given above in Niger and Kenya have an individual economic gain and therefore would and will continue to thrive.The use of cell phones to influence the government would require free toll service numbers to be introduced at all levels of the government structures. This would then be achieved only when this structures are well equiped,functional and decentralised to allow responce with less bureacracies mostly seen in centralised systems. The introduction of communal pay toilets in Nairobi,Kenya have assisted in keeping the toilets clean-again issue of individual gain-as someone is responsible to manage them. Empowering communities to own facilities in their vicinity would be the way to go.