At at lower spatial level, we have been surveying socio-economic trends and income poverty measures for over 18 years at sub-national levels. While we are agree poverty is multidimensional, but the debate continues whether poverty is spatial or territorial or non-territorial. Second challenge is climate change and incidences and intensity of natural and man-made disaster events have created more vulnerabilities, and is exposing traditionally rich and poor, socially excluded and active families and communities to same kind of vulnerabilities in a single territory. How to measure such vulnerabilities, where the 'have-nots' with no assets, income base, and education and health services, the 'rich' who lost everything to a disaster, are now starting a fresh. New groups who are most vulnerable and poor are those women, children, unemployed, unskilled youth, and communities with no political voice and representation, and areas that are trapped in ongoing crisis situation.