I agree with Bruce Whitehouse - this is evidence of a state racket. While you are certainly right in acknowledging this problem, Gözde, your conclusion doesn't entirely follow - you say the high prices are a result of a lack of competition. What about a case in which new competitors opened business only to repeat the model and exacerbate the current situation? To me, it is apparent that the high prices are due to certain elements within the state operators using their position for personal gain (be it through "customs procedures" or the service-less fees you mention). Private operators are not invulnerable from these same afflictions. Both states have much to gain from operating this crossroads at a price which reflects both the cost and the resulting trade impact. The priority is to highlight the benefits a resolution could give and dismantle the racket. This could be done through better management of the state operators, the formation of a more effective singular intra-state operator for the route, or an increase in competitive private operators (as you suggest). Suggesting that greater private enterprise alone will remove the problem is short-sighted - it is more effective to urge authorities to solve the problem in their own way, rather than attempt to foist a solution upon them.