Africa, most of which has economies which are agro-based, looks at oil as a crucial commodity. The use of oils in various day to day economic lives, coupled with its ever increasing demands for transport ( most countries has registered increased household car ownership for the past ten years) as human populations keeps on increasing mostly in southern Africa, calls for the need to reflect a while. Are some the policy makers in Africa aware that population projections for the coming ten years coupled by the project oil demands are likely to ofset resource allocations to csome of the critically needed areas such as child health and care, HIV/AIDS scourge, and even martenal mortality? Lets plan and strategise for the future as we consider this impending challenge!!!