The factors are 1. Nepotism, 2. Poor scholarship on the part of the Lecturers and students. 3. Poor funding, 4. Abysmally low research funds. 5. Appointment of VCs and key officers on quota system basis. 6. Societal craze for paper qualification, 7. Ethnic Balancing, 8. Poor infrastructure, 9. Rigid and non responsive curricula, 10. Poor town-gown relationship, 11. Corruption, 12. Exam malpractices, 13. Poor governance.