It seems to me that development index, development indicators are not always reflect the realities on the grounds because they are sometime based only on global/regional /national statistical data which are limited in time and space and do not correlate with the realities on the ground (e.g. sociocultural infrastructure, human factors, internal and external cultural influences, etc.). In addition we can manipulate these data for individuals, group interests and/or business causes… This challenge was discussed in this publication (French edition)…
“Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted” - Albert Einstein. - The limitations of quantitative /qualitative methods in the evaluation processes.
Please read my publication (French edition) Évaluation agile: la vie privée et sociale des plus pauvres comme des indicateurs pertinents dans les processus d´évaluation des projets et programmes de développement durable