One wonders a lot after all these years of institutional research and extensive publications over the woes preventing african development, what are those institutions awaiting to do to fix the imbalances... In many ways such same institutions have to be seen as the cause of such issues challenging the very survival of Africa... When will these institutions realize that all is needed is going straight to the farmers, allowing them to produce more while providing them with the market information they need to better value their professions? 2011 have proven to bring to light governments rhetoric on development... Civil societies in most countries have helped substantiate such a truth... to the expenses of lives... Now it's clear that non-formal actors are the key players, what more is needed before these bureaucrats start paying attention to those that produce the grains..? Demba.