@Demba, Africa needs optimism. Whereas you may have doom spelt out for Africa, I beg to disagree. I think you need to study economic development history of the advanced economies you so admire. Warren Buffet once said, 'In the 20th century, the United States endured two world wars and other traumatic and expensive military conflicts; the Depression; a dozen or so recessions and financial panics; oil shocks; a flu epidemic; and the resignation of a disgraced president. Yet the Dow rose from 66 to 11,497'. This should tell you that bumps along the way do not stop the ride. We may have challenges in Africa, but these dont stop us from taking the road to development. Who said there wouldnt be bumps anyway? We expect them. Everyone does. For all I care, we have a great continent, we have great people like you and others, we have great resources and we are capable of solving our problems. Again, Buffet said, 'Should you find yourself in a chronically leaking boat, energy devoted to changing vessels is likely to be more productive than energy devoted to patching leaks'. Dont spend time patching the leaks. Call another boat. Do things differently and get Africa out of the doom you are spelling for it. Stop lamenting. This is our century, and we sure are going to use it. Get in. Rogers.