An average Kenyan at birth will expect to live longer but probably not healthier. As you have explained, changes in infant mortality have had a significant effect on Kenya’s life expectancy rates. So have changes in Adult mortality and especially after the introduction of ARVs. In the last decade, the world's global health programs have concentrated on infectious disease like HIV/AIDS, Malaria and tuberculosis. Non-communicable disease like diabetes, cancer, heart and lung disease have not really been a priority in Kenya. Unfortunately, due to data paucity it is not easy to project the proportion of kenyans affected by these morbidities. Mostly, these morbidities are linked to lifestyle choices, but also can worsen due to poor diet, smoking, alcohol use, or environmental. With the upcoming middle class in Kenya, lifestyle is also changing: increasing abuse of alcohol and drugs, nyama choma etc. Obesity, a major risk factor for diabetes, heart disease and some types of cancers will probably become an important health issue. Given the current mode of life, and as Kenyans live longer, how long will they live without disability? Besides, With the many social and economic challenges that Kenya is facing today one of the question that I keep asking myself is, will Kenya be able to benefit from the demographic window of opportunity that is being created by the ongoing process of demographic transition?