Previously, Yemen’s Ministry of Water said a law prohibited the arbitrary drilling of wells. This was enforced by the security services and local councils; a permit had to be obtained before any well could be drilled. But the instability of the past year has led to chaos, and a large number of wells have been drilled in many regions.
The city of Ta’iz in southern Yemen is one of the hardest hit areas. Piped water used to flow into people’s homes only once every 40 days. After the war began in March 2015, the state water utility stopped pumping water to people’s homes altogether. As a result, despite the armed conflicts, . The water, referred to as “street water”, is often provided by mosques or charities or civil organizations. Many children have been killed or injured in fighting as they leave their homes in search of water.
“Now that the schools are closed, my mother sends me to get water from the neighborhood mosque or from the barrels in the street,” said 8 year-old Mira Hazzam. “I go out five times in the morning and twice in the afternoon, sometimes with my mother and sometimes alone, to bring water from the mosque, which has water taps or faucets outside. When we heard that some children had been killed fetching water, my mother wouldn’t let me go out for two days, but then she asked me to go again when there was no water left to drink or wash the clothes.”
Reports by international organizations confirm that , which has become even more severe as a result of the armed conflicts in the city.
, according to a report by the Humanitarian Relief Coalition in Ta’iz. And the . According to local activists, ; the trucks require four or five days to deliver the water throughout the city. The report adds that the city’s residents depend for their drinking water on relief assistance provided by local and international organizations, which distribute water in the neighborhoods using cistern trucks.
The local organization, Generations Without Qat, said that in mid-March of this year it began implementing the second phase of a project to distribute drinking water to the population of Ta’iz. The project will distribute 99,000 liters of potable (drinkable) water on a daily basis to 33 areas, at the rate of 3,000 liters per area, over a period of four months.
But the water crisis is not limited to the city of Ta’iz. A , agriculture, and other uses, as well. The crisis is deepening with every day the year-long war continues.
. Its annual per capita share of water is 120 cubic meters, compared to the global per capita share of 7,500 cubic meters and an average of 1,250 cubic meters in most other countries in the Middle East and North Africa.