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Macroeconomics and Economic Growth

Latin America: Most still keep their money under the mattress

Asli Demirgüç-Kunt's picture

Winners of the Global Public Award given on December 14th 2009 in Copenhagen: Andreia Fanzeres and Cristiane Prizibisczki for “The Route of Smoke”. Photo courtesy: Earth Journalism Awards web site.
For anyone who’s been following the Earth Journalism Awards, the much-awaited Global Public Award was announced yesterday in Copenhagen. Thousands of people from across the world voted online for this award, helping to pick the best story.

And the winner of the Global Public Award is…"The Route of Smoke," a multimedia report put together by two Brazilian journalists, Andreia Fanzeres and Cristiane Prizibisczki. They tell the story of how customary farming practices—such as setting fire to land before planting—that contribute to the country's emissions are clashing with new methods for responsible agriculture. This entry also won the Latin America regional award. 

Connected to Compete? Not as Much as We Could Be

Otaviano Canuto's picture

Trade logistics, or the capacity of countries and companies to ship goods to international markets, is a key ingredient for economic competitiveness, growth, and poverty reduction. Poor logistics performance creates a deadweight loss for producers and consumers alike, and results in a net waste of resources. Improved trade logistics, on the other hand, would give a welcome boost to the economy at a time of fragile recovery from the global recession.

What Will South Asia Look Like in 2025?

Ejaz Ghani's picture



Political violence, conflict, and inequality are closely related, but not necessarily in the ways that people think. Countries in which there is great inequality between rich and poor do not experience more violent conflict than countries with less economic inequality. In contrast, inequalities between groups defined by religion, ethnicity, or regional identities are linked to a significantly higher risk of armed conflict. The good news is that while income inequality between individuals is increasing, identity group-based inequality seems to be decreasing. This could lead to less conflict in the future. 

Prospects Weekly: Market confidence has been rattled once again

Global Macroeconomics Team's picture
A house after a flood in Bolivia. World Bank.

Imagine you live in a city that floods, sometime for weeks, after extreme rainfalls.

Imagine you live in that flooded city, where you and thousands of your neighbors must find a place to stay till the water has receded, and you finally can get back home, with the fear of finding it devastated.

The city of Trinidad is a place like this, located in Bolivia’s Amazonian low-lands, and with heavy prolonged precipitation, rivers, lagoons and lakes rise, affecting thousands of families.

Overall in Bolivia, 43% of the population lives in areas of high flood risk. Trinidad and other cities in the low-lands experience inundations, while in La Paz, Bolivia’s political center, frequent landslides lead to fatalities and damage to housing and infrastructure.

A wiki on Africa Youth Employment

Shanta Devarajan's picture
Damascus,Syria - Volodymyr Borodin l Shutterstock.com

In February 2012, I wrote a blog about the relevance to the Arab revolutions that had swept the region of  the UN’s then recently unveiled “Resilient People, Resilient Planet: A Future worth Choosing,” which called for the eventual adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Now three and a half years later, at the United Nations General Assembly in New York last week, , world leaders endorsed the SDGs, an ambitious agenda that aims to end poverty, promote prosperity and protect the environment. 

Latin America to the world: lessons learned on austerity, growth, reforms

Hasan Tuluy's picture

In the past 30 years, China has achieved phenomenal economic growth, an unprecedented development “miracle” in human history. Since the institution of its reforms and Open Door policy in 1978, China’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing at an average annual rate of more than 9 percent (figure 1). In 2010, it has surpassed that of Japan and become the world’s second-largest economy.

To boost trade between Ghana and Nigeria: implement existing commitments

Mombert Hoppe's picture

Agriculture workers on a strawberry farm in Argentina. © Nahuel Berger/World Bank

يوجد في العالم اليوم 842 مليون جائع. ومع اقتراب عدد سكان العالم من 9 مليارات نسمة بحلول عام 2050، سيزداد الطلب على الغذاء باطراد، الأمر الذي يستلزم تحقيق تحسينات مستمرة في الإنتاجية الزراعية. فمن أين ستأتي هذه الزيادات في الإنتاجية؟ على مدى عقود كان الاعتقاد الشائع هو أن الزراعة العائلية ذات الحيازات الصغيرة هي أكثر إنتاجية وكفاءة في تقليص أعداد الفقراء من الزراعة ذات الحيازات الكبيرة. ولكن المدافعين عن الزراعة ذات الحيازات الكبيرة يشيرون الآن إلى مزاياها في حشد استثمارات كبيرة وتقنيات مبتكرة وكذلك إمكانياتها التصديرية الهائلة. مهما يكن من أمر، فإن المنتقدين يُسلِّطون الضوء على شواغل وهموم خطيرة تتصل بالبيئة وصحة الحيوان والجوانب الاجتماعية والاقتصادية، ولاسيما في سياق المؤسسات الهشة. ولا تخفى على أحد الأوضاع الشائنة في غالب الأحيان والآثار الاجتماعية المدمرة التي تجلبها "عمليات الاستيلاء على الأراضي"، ولاسيما في البلدان التي تعاني نقصا حادا في الأمن الغذائي.

ومن ثمَّ، هل الزراعة ذات الحيازات الكبيرة والمعروفة باسم المزارع العملاقة هي الحل للتحديات المتصلة بالطلب على الغذاء؟ أم أنها عقبة وعائق؟ فيما يلي الأسئلة العشرة المهمة التي ينبغي أن تطرحها على نفسك لفهم هذه المسألة بشكل أفضل. ولقد حاولتُ معالجتها في أحدث إصدار من تقرير مراقبة أسعار الغذاء.

Five reasons why Kenya and Africa should take off

Wolfgang Fengler's picture

Nearly one-quarter of the world's mammal species are known to be globally threatened or extinct. Indonesia is currently home to the greatest number of threatened species of mammals in the world. These are species that are classified as critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
 

About Development Economics

Shanta Devarajan's picture

L'éducation par le divertissement, ou édutainment, peut favoriser un changement de comportement positif en s'appuyant sur la force de diffusion des médias de masse. Une étude menée récemment au Nigéria montre que les jeunes qui ont suivi la série TV Shuga sont deux fois plus susceptibles de subir un test de dépistage du VIH et, au contraire, deux fois moins susceptibles d'avoir plusieurs partenaires sexuels sur une même période. Les infections à chlamydia ont également diminué de 58 % chez les jeunes femmes qui ont suivi l'émission. 

Cliquer pour en savoir plus sur l'étude : MTV Shuga.


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