Gérard Mestrallet is chairman and CEO of ENGIE, formerly GDF Suez. He spoke at the World Bank Group about his company's support for carbon pricing and the involvement of Europe's energy companies in reinvigorating the EU's emissions trading system.
"We consider that we need carbon pricing at the level of the world, if possible, but we have been very active at the level of Europe.
I have gathered the CEOs of the largest European utilities, and we have created a group which has been very active in promoting solutions to save the European energy system, which was really in bad shape.
Among the proposals we made was the recovery of a strong EU ETS scheme with a kind of central bank, which finally has been called the Market Stability Reserve, to reinvigorate the price of carbon.
So, all the European energy companies, the biggest ones, have been very active in supporting even an ambitious target of reduction of 40 percent of the emissions arising in 2030.
The reason for businesses is the same: We need visibility and predictability. We have a preference for market-based systems rather than taxes because we know that governments can use the tax system to have budget revenues, and therefore sometimes it's not directed resulting from an appreciation of the needs of the market for getting the right price.
Today, everywhere in the world the price is not high enough. It is not high enough to send the appropriate signal to the investors, to the businesses, to make the appropriate investments in low-carbon technologies, in energy-efficiency solutions. So everything which can be done to increase at the right level the carbon price is interesting.
And as Christine Lagarde mentioned, the drop of oil prices, which has been massive, creates the right momentum to increase the carbon price."