I am sure that REDD will do much to improve the economic framework to help preserve the Amazon. However, is there any reason not to support greatly improved law enforcement now, and reward its achievements? It may be having a real effect in itself, and it should also be encouraged as a part of REDD. How workable will a REDD scheme be if it does not take place in the context of a strong rule of law? In countries such as Canada and the US, with very large forest stocks, there are few reports of large scale illegal deforestation. I presume the long term development strategy for Brazil is to attain a level where it is the law itself, accompanied by a strong national economic framework, that sets environmental boundaries.