No one in Nairobi—where we just released pre-press version of the World Development Report—needs to be reminded about the effects of climate change. Four consecutive rains have failed, and on 80 percent of the country’s land area, water resources are at a tenth of their normal levels.
|Photo © Ann Phillips|
Everyone is feeling it.
Farmers see dying crops. The harvest is 28 percent of normal amounts. The Minister of Environment reported at the WDR launch yesterday that ten million Kenyans were going hungry because of the drought. Herders see their cattle dying or have to sell them for low prices. Some are shipping their cattle to areas that still have grass only to see them die of cold at the higher altitudes.
Power—for the 18 percent of the population that is connected—is rationed because more than half of the country’s supply is from hydropower. Water trucks block streets across the capital to make up for the failing public supplies.
Tourism authorities worry because desperate herders are invading the national parks and threatening the livestock on which so much of the country’s foreign exchange earnings are based. Newspapers report that over 200,000 cattle have been moved from Kenya into Ethiopia, the largest movement in a decade.
Everyone is afraid of how this stress, coming on top of the unemployment associated with the global financial crisis, will play out socially. And no one in Kenya today can doubt that climate change is a development issue or that development has to be done differently because of climate change.
Our report takes a tone of cautious optimism. At yesterday’s press launch some venerable speakers—including Prof Richard Odingo, former vice chair of the IPCC—questioned that optimism.
|Photo © Sylvia Photos/Nairobi|
Yet the audience was also packed with young people searching for ideas and ways they could help combat climate change themselves. “What can we as Kenyans do ourselves” was the first question they asked. Many, especially the representatives of youth groups, had ideas about turning resources such as abundant sunlight and remaining forested areas, into opportunities to tackle climate change and improve livelihoods.
The work of the closing speaker, Nobel laureate Prof Wangari Maathai—helping communities protect forests and improve their livelihoods—reminds us that although the problems are all too real, development-focused solutions are also possible.