We're hearing more and more about the "social entrepreneur" as the development community looks for new ways to achieve better results, especially with many developing countries struggling to meet their 2015 Millennium Development Goals and at the same time cope with destructive climate change.
Ashoka, itself a pioneer in social entrepreneurship, has a pretty good definition:
"Social entrepreneurs are individuals with innovative solutions to society’s most pressing social problems. They are ambitious and persistent, tackling major social issues and offering new ideas for wide-scale change."
But maybe the definition should also emphasize a special breed of social entrepreneurs -- those who tackle major social issues by launching projects that seek to be profitable.
When Fast Company magazine in 2008 honored 45 nonprofit social entrepreneurs "who are changing the world," it also tipped its hat to 10 for-profit companies with social missions.
Trying to change the world with a project funded by development donors can be maddeningly frustrating. Even with a successful pilot, a nonprofit company is likely to encounter repeated funding snags and gaps in its quest for sustainability and replication.
Joel Selanikio was a Marketplace 2003 winner with the innovative idea to collect health-care data with hand-held computers. DataDyne, the company that pediatrician Selanikio and his partner, technologist Rose Donna, co-founded, is a not-for-profit limited liability corporation (LLC). Its personal digital assistant -- EpiSurveyor -- was an immediate success in health care in Sub-Saharan Africa and other developing countries. But Selanikio had to keep making the rounds of donors for each step of his growth. He was the model of the "ambitious and persistent" social entrepreneur -- but: "I got tired wearing out the knees of my trousers" making successive proposals to development donors, he said in an interview.
Since it received its initial $50,000 DM funding, DataDyne has won "six or seven" more grants, Selanikio said, with about $1 million earmarked for EpiSurveyor. But to ensure it can continue rapid but costly expansion of the hugely popular free, now-web-based health-data-collection program, DataDyne has begun branching into premium services for which it charges major corporations and other large institutions. Selanikio plans to incorporate DataDyne's not-for-profit business as a nonprofit 501(c)(3) under the U.S. tax code. The premium payers represent about 10 percent of DataDyne's 1,300 clients, who serve some of the world's neediest populations.
With this move, Selanikio is still a social entrepreneur, but with more emphasis on "entrepreneur."
Photo credit: DataDyne.
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