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Fighting corruption in Vietnam: the question is how, not why

Ngan Hong Nguyen's picture

It’s difficult to do a background check of a company based in a foreign country with operations overseas.

It’s difficult to check to see whether a document is falsified or not.

It’s difficult to …

I heard a lot of that from the audience of the workshop on World Bank’s Anti-Corruption Framework & Common Integrity Risks in World Bank-Funded Projects in Hanoi recently. Majority of the participants were project managers and procurement staff from Project Management Units managing World Bank-funded projects.

Presentations from the Bank’s Integrity Unit show that corruption increases costs, reduces quality, delays impacts on poverty, creates public disgrace and even generates social instability.  For a person who often has to look at results of development projects like me, corruption eats into the meager meal of the ethnic minority people in the northern mountainous areas of Vietnam, takes education away from girls in learning age, and lower the quality of hospitals for old people in Mekong river delta.

What skills are employers looking for in Vietnam’s workforce?

Christian Bodewig's picture

Cũng có ở Tiếng việt

Last month, we asked you for your views about whether Vietnam’s workforce is ready for the future, "from rice to robots". Developing a skilled workforce for an industrialized economy by 2020 is one of the stated top priorities of Vietnam, now that it has joined the ranks of middle-income countries. Not surprisingly, education reform was on the minds of members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party during a recent meeting.  However, education is also hotly debated by Vietnam’s citizens as seen and heard in an online discussion on human resource development, organized by the World Bank and VietNamNet, a local online newspaper, and by readers of our blog.

Người sử dụng lao động đang tìm kiếm những kỹ năng nghề nghiệp gì?

Christian Bodewig's picture

Available in English

Tháng trước, chúng tôi đã hỏi ý kiến bạn đọc về việc liệu lực lượng lao động Việt Nam đã sẵn sàng cho tương lai hay chưa, chuyển “từ lúa gạo đến rô bốt” chưa. Việc phát triển một lực lượng  lao động có tay nghề cao đáp ứng cho một nền kinh tế công nghiệp hóa vào năm 2020 đã được khẳng định là một trong những ưu tiên hàng đầu của Việt Nam, khi mà đất nước đã gia nhập nhóm các nước có thu nhập trung bình trên thế giới. Không có gì ngạc nhiên khi vấn đề cải cách giáo dục được đề cập đến nhiều trong các cuộc họp gần đây của Ban chấp hành Trung ương Đảng. Tuy nhiên, giáo dục cũng là vấn đề đang được bàn luận sôi nổi trong dân chúng và đã được đề cập đến trong một thảo luận luận trực tuyến về phát triển nguồn nhân lực do Ngân hàng Thế giới và báo VietNamNet tổ chức cũng như được các độc giả trên blog của chúng tôi thảo luận.

Why Vietnam needs its baby girls

Mette Frost Bertelsen's picture

Cũng có ở Tiếng việt

Last week I read about Malala, the 14 year old Pakistani girl who was shot in the head inside her school bus as retaliation for her active engagement in promoting girls’ rights to education in Pakistan. The same day I was helping a friend edit some text for her photo series on very young girls around the world (some as young as 5 years old), who are forced to marry often much older men out of economic necessity and due to cultural practices.

I suppose on that day, it really hit me how lucky I am to be working on gender issues in a country such as Vietnam, which in many ways is considered a front runner among developing countries when it comes to gender equality, and where such atrocities usually would not happen (although underage marriage does still occur in some mountainous areas of the country).

There is however one major challenge to gender equality in Vietnam, where there is reason for growing concern: the skewed sex ratio at birth. In Vietnam, the latest figures from 2009 show that for every 100 girls born, 111 boys are born. When looking at the richest 20% of the population and the rates for couples’ third child, this number increases to 133 boys for 100 girls.

Beyond communication: How functional is your mobile phone?

Justine Espina-Letargo's picture
Noel Aspras in the Philippines says that "even the lowliest of farmers owns a cellphone now" because it has become a necessity. Watch the video below.

When I lost my mobile phone two years ago, I felt dismembered. After all, my cellphone was constantly by my side, serving as alarm clock, calendar, and default camera for those ‘Kodak’ moments you couldn’t let pass. It was also a nifty calculator that I turned to when splitting restaurant bills with friends.

After grieving the loss of my “finger” for two days, I pulled myself together and got a new, smarter phone that allowed for faster surfing on the web, audio recording and a host of other functions that, well, made me quickly forget the lost unit. A blessing in disguise, I told myself.

So when no less than a farmer from Pagsanjan in the Philippines’ Laguna province told me that mobile phones were “no longer a luxury, but a necessity,” and added that “even the lowliest of farmers riding on a carabao (water buffalo) owns one,” I couldn’t agree more.

From rice to robots: Is Vietnam's workforce ready for the future? Let us know what you think!

Christian Bodewig's picture

Cũng có ở Tiếng việt

As a member of the WTO since 2007 and located in the middle of fast-growing East Asia, Vietnam has earned a reputation as a smart place to invest. Its people are a major asset in attracting foreign investors: Vietnam can boast of its comparatively low wages and a large, young and hard-working labor force. Despite Vietnam’s success so far, it remains to be seen whether its workforce is ready for the next phase in the country’s development – to carry forward the transition from a largely agrarian to an industrialized economy.  Are Vietnam’s workers ready to move from low to high tech production? From rice to robots?

Từ lúa gạo đến rô bốt: Liệu Nhân lực Việt Nam đã sẵn sàng cho tương lai? Hãy chia sẻ ý kiến của bạn!

Christian Bodewig's picture

Available in English

Nằm ở trung tâm của khu vực Đông Á đang phát triển nhanh chóng và chính thức trở thành thành viên của Tổ chức Thương mại Thế giới (WTO) từ năm 2007, Việt Nam được biết đến như một điểm đến đầu tư khôn ngoan. Nguồn nhân lực chính là tài sản quý giá để thu hút các nhà đầu tư nước ngoài: Việt Nam có thể tự hào về lực lượng lao động trẻ, đông đảo, chăm chỉ với mức lương tương đối thấp. Tuy đã tương đối thành công cho đến nay, câu hỏi được đặt ra là liệu nguồn nhân lực của Việt Nam đã sẵn sàng cho giai đoạn phát triển tiếp theo của đất nước - chuyển đổi từ nền kinh kế nông nghiệp sang công nghiệp hóa - hay chưa. Người lao động Việt Nam đã sẵn sàng để chuyển từ sản xuất công nghệ thấp lên công nghệ cao chưa? Từ trồng lúa gạo sang chế tạo rô bốt chưa?

Answers to more of your questions on rapidly growing cities

Dean Cira's picture

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Dean Cira

 (Urban specialist Dean Cira recently answered in a video 5 questions on rapidly growing cities that had been submitted to us by internet users. This post addresses a few additional questions).

 Manh Ha from Vietnam asked:  Urban planning currently focuses too much on having new buildings, which increases the population and construction density and reduces living environment in size. What planning model do you think Vietnam should follow?

 

There is a popular belief among planners and among Vietnamese generally that densities of the major urban centers of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City need to be reduced to improve the quality of life.  But if we look at the density of Hanoi, we actually see that by Asian standards, it is not particularly dense.

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