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East Asia and Pacific

Malaysia Baharu yang Inklusif

Ying Yu's picture
Also available in: English
Perjalanan Malaysia menuju ke tahap negara berpendapatan tinggi akan menjadi lebih bermakna jika semua lapisan masyarakat diberi peluang untuk berkongsi dalam kemakmuran negara. Foto: Bank Dunia/Samuel Goh
Sejak 1992, tarikh 17 Oktober telah diiktiraf sebagai Hari Pembasmian Kemiskinan Antarabangsa, atau secara ringkasnya, Hari Basmi Kemiskinan. Pada hari tersebut, dunia membicarakan kemajuan yang telah tercapai serta tindakan selanjutnya bagi mengakhiri kemiskinan.

Justeru, bagi menyambut Hari Basmi Kemiskinan pada tahun ini, Bank Dunia telah menerbitkan laporan Kemiskinan dan Kemakmuran Bersama bertajuk “Piecing Together the Poverty Puzzle”, yang mendokumenkan penurunan dramatik dari aspek kemiskinan ekstrem, yang dicapai dari tahun 1990 hingga 2015. Hanya dalam tempoh 25 tahun, walaupun populasi dunia meningkat daripada 5 kepada 7 billion, peratusan penduduk dunia yang dalam golongan miskin ekstrem menurun daripada 36% kepada 10% (iaitu 736 juta berbanding dengan 1.9 billion sebelumnya).

Inclusiveness in the new Malaysia

Kenneth Simler's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Malaysia’s journey towards becoming a high-income nation will become more meaningful if all Malaysians are given the opportunity to share the benefits of prosperity. Photo: World Bank/Samuel Goh
Since 1992, October 17 has been recognized as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, or more simply, End Poverty Day by the World Bank. It is a day for the world to engage on the progress made and actions needed to end poverty.

To mark this year’s End Poverty Day, the World Bank has released its biennial Poverty and Shared Prosperity Report “Piecing Together the Poverty Puzzle”, which documents the dramatic reduction in extreme poverty achieved from 1990 to 2015. In the span of 25 years, the share of people around the world living in extreme poverty line fell from 36% to 10% (from 1.9 billion to 736 million), despite the global population growing from 5 to 7 billion.

How can the Philippines achieve its ambitious vision of becoming a country free of poverty?

Rong Qian's picture

The Philippines’ economy has been booming since 2010, growing over 6% per year on average. The country is one of the top performers in the East Asia Pacific region, and its impressive economic performance is reflected in the towering skylines, luxurious condos, and huge shopping malls of Makati and Bonifacio Global City, the financial centers of Metro Manila. However, the country still has over 20% of the population living below national and international poverty line. Old jeepneys, the most popular means of transportation, carrying a massive number of commuters to and from expanding swathes of blighted areas portrait perfectly this contrast. My personal observation was quickly confirmed by the graph below.
 

Cởi trói năng lực cạnh tranh: Tại sao lại đầu tư ở nông thôn Việt Nam?

Christine Qiang's picture
Availalbe in: English

Với các nhà đầu tư đang tìm kiếm cơ hội ở Việt Nam, Đồng Tháp chưa hẳn là địa phương đầu tiên họ nghĩ đến. Nằm sâu ở miền Tây Nam Bộ, Đồng Tháp được coi là vùng xa - để lái xe từ sân bay gần nhất đến đó cũng phải mất ba tiếng. Cơ sở hạ tầng giao thông tương đối kém, mà mới gần đây vẫn còn phức tạp do không đủ cầu bắc qua dòng Cửu Long. Đây là địa phương nổi tiếng vì thủ tục hải quan chậm trễ, có thể gây gián đoạn chuỗi cung ứng.

Target: Southeast Asia 4.0

Victoria Kwakwa's picture


Digital lifestyles, cashless societies, app-based businesses, “smart” nations, virtual services – there is a tremendous amount of excitement in Southeast Asia now about the growth of the digital economy.

The region is a hotspot for digital development, and it already leads the world in some indicators, such as Internet and social media use.

Taxing the digital economy in Malaysia: How do we balance growth with sustainability?

Richard Record's picture
 bigstock/szefei
As the digital economy gears up to be the new driver of development in Malaysia, tax policy will need to keep pace with the country’s ambitions towards increased digitalization. Photo: bigstock/szefe



Malaysia wants the digital economy to play a central role in the next chapter of the country’s development—that much is clear. However, what may be less clear is why taxation should be part of the policy mix that will help deliver the country’s digital economy ambitions. This is important because taxes raise the cost of doing business rather than reducing it.

การลงทุนเรื่องความปลอดภัยทางถนนในเชิงเศรษฐศาสตร์

Dipan Bose's picture
Also available in: English

แม้ว่าประเทศไทยมีความก้าวหน้าในการบังคับใช้กฎระเบียบการจราจรและการรักษาพยาบาล แต่อัตราการเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุบนท้องถนนของประเทศไทยนั้นยังอยู่ในระดับสูงและสูงขึ้นอย่างต่อเนื่องนับแต่ พ.ศ. 2552 เป็นต้นมา  ในแต่ละปี ประเทศไทยมีผู้เสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรกว่า 24,000 คน ค่าใช้จ่ายด้านการรักษาพยาบาลผู้ป่วยจากอุบัติเหตุนี้เป็นภาระของประเทศ  สื่อมวลชนได้นำเสนอการสูญเสียทรัพยากรมนุษย์และบุคคลจากอุบัติเหตุอย่างต่อเนื่อง อีกทั้งยังมีองค์กรหลายแห่งที่ออกมารณรงค์หาทางแก้ไขปัญหาที่อยู่ในความสนใจของประชาชนนี้

The economic case for investing in road safety

Dipan Bose's picture
Also available in: ภาษาไทย

Despite considerable progress in traffic enforcement and medical care, the road crash mortality rate in Thailand remains rather high and has been increasing since 2009. More than 24,000 people lose their lives on the road every year, and traffic injuries are a major public health burden for the country. The human toll and individual loss caused by this epidemic are clearly exposed by the media, and many organizations are actively advocating solutions for this important public concern.

Pembaikan pengangkutan bandar untuk meningkatkan mobiliti sosial di Malaysia

Wei San Loh's picture
Also available in: English
Akses kepada pengangkutan adalah penting bagi memperbaik mobiliti sosial dalam kalangan komuniti berpendapatan rendah di Kuala Lumpur, khususnya bagi manfaat penduduk unit kediaman kos rendah. (Foto: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

Sejak beberapa tahun lepas, Malaysia telah mempamerkan perkembangan yang begitu ketara dari aspek peningkatan mobiliti sosial sejajar dengan usahanya untuk mencapai status negara maju. Namun demikian, kejayaan yang diperoleh tidak diterjemahkan dalam bentuk taburan yang saksama dalam kalangan populasi negara. Sebuah kajian oleh Institut Penyelidikan Khazanah pada 2016 telah menunjukkan bahawa 24% kanak-kanak yang lahir daripada ibu bapa berkemahiran rendah di Malaysia berterusan menjadi orang dewasa berkemahiran rendah. Begitu juga halnya dengan 46% kanak-kanak yang lahir daripada ibu bapa dalam kelompok 40% terbawah dari segi agihan pendapatan negara, turut kekal sebagai 40% isu rumah berpendapatan terbawah.

Improving urban transportation for upward social mobility in Malaysia

Wei San Loh's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Access to transportation is essential for improving the upward social mobility of low-income communities in Kuala Lumpur, especially residents of low-cost public housing units. (Photo: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

Over the years, Malaysia has demonstrated great improvements in enhancing upward social mobility as the country continues to advance toward becoming a developed nation. However, this success has not been evenly distributed among the population. A 2016 Khazanah Research Institute study found that 24% of children born to low-skilled parents in Malaysia remained low-skilled as adults. Likewise, 46% of children born to parents in the bottom 40% of the national income distribution remained in the bottom 40%.

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