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East Asia and Pacific

In China’s Taobao villages, e-commerce is one way to bring new jobs and business opportunities to rural areas

Xubei Luo's picture
Also available in: 中文
E-commerce is often perceived as a phenomenon of high-income countries, but the industry’s rapid growth in China demonstrates that the transition from physical to digital commerce does not necessarily demand such high levels of development.
 
China’s worldwide e-commerce transaction value grew from less than 1% a decade ago to over 40% now, exceeding that of France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States combined, according to a McKinsey study. In rural China, the development of e-commerce shows strong signs of clustering. The number of Taobao villages – those significantly engaged in e-commerce with a total annual e-commerce transaction volume of at least RMB 10 million and at least 100 active online shops – has increased from 20 in 2013 to 3,202 in 2018.
 
Distribution of Taobao Villages in China, 2014-2018

在中国的淘宝村,电子商务成为给农村地区带去新就业岗位和商业机会的一条途径

Xubei Luo's picture
Also available in: English
电子商务通常被视为高收入国家的一种现象,但该行业在中国的快速成长表明,实体商务向数字商务的转型未必需要前者如此高的发展水平。
 
麦肯锡全球研究所的研究报告显示,中国电子商务交易额占全球电子商务交易总额的比重从十年前的不到1%增至如今的40%以上,超过了法国、德国、日本、英国以及美国等五国的总和。在中国农村,电子商务的快速发展展现出了显著的集聚迹象。深度开展电子商务、年均电子商务交易总额至少达1000万元且至少拥有100家活跃网店的淘宝村的数量从2013年的20个增加到2018年的3202个。
淘宝村分布图, 2014-2018

Malaysia’s digital future needs faster Internet

Siddhartha Raja's picture
As an early pioneer in the digital economy, Malaysia has many of the building blocks to leapfrog to a new digital future, but the country will need faster Internet to go the next mile. Photo: bigstock/ mast3r
About 20 young women in the eRezeki center in Shah Alam, Malaysia work quietly on their computers as the class proceeds. They are there to learn about how to work online to earn  an income. On banners nearby are vignettes of Malaysians—many from the bottom 40% of the income group, and the primary target group for this program—who have benefited from these opportunities. One businesswoman selling clothes and furniture online since 2013 saw her monthly sales increase ten-fold after learning how to better market her products online.  A retired lecturer learnt about online work opportunities and began performing dispatch services for delivery apps, earning over RM 2,400 (~US$580) a month.

Belanjawan 2019 – Langkah Pengimbangan bagi Kerajaan Malaysia Baharu

Firas Raad's picture
Also available in: English
Belanjawan negara terbaru Malaysia memperlihatkan beberapa langkah yang menggalakkan. Cara kerajaan Malaysia mengimbangkan keutamaannya akan menjadi kunci untuk memastikan populasi berpendapatan rendah dapat berpeluang untuk berkongsi dalam faedah hasil pembangunan negara. Foto: Samuel Goh

Belanjawan negara 2019 yang dinanti-nantikan dan yang baru dibentangkan oleh Menteri Kewangan Malaysia, Yang Berhormat Lim Guan Eng pada Jumaat lepas ditampilkan pada ketika Malaysia sedang menempuhi detik-detik mencabar. Dari aspek luar negara, eksport Malaysia kian berdepan hambatan yang semakin meruncing – berbanding rintangan yang diharungi dalam beberapa tahun belakangan – rentetan ketegangan dagangan yang kian mendesak serta pertumbuhan global yang kian muram. Sementara  dari aspek dalam negara pula, besar kemungkinan, penekanan terbaharu untuk mengekang lambakan hutang Kerajaan serta liabiliti yang sedang ditanggung, bakal menyempitkan ruang fiskal dan menghambat kerancakan aktiviti ekonomi susulan pelaburan awam – tidak seperti dahulu. Dalam situasi sebegini, Malaysia terpaksa lebih bergantung pada penggunaan dan pelaburan swasta bagi menyokong pertumbuhan ekonomi pada tahun-tahun mendatang.

Malaysia budget 2019 – A balancing act for the new government

Firas Raad's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Malaysia’s latest budget points to many encouraging directions. How the government balances its priorities is key to ensuring low-income populations get to share in the benefits of development. (Photo: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

The unveiling of Malaysia’s much-anticipated 2019 budget last Friday by the Minister of Finance, Lim Guan Eng comes at a challenging time for the country. On the external side, Malaysia’s exports are facing growing headwinds – as opposed to the fair winds of recent years – due to heightened trade tensions and slower global growth. On the domestic front, a new emphasis on addressing the stock of government debt and contingent liabilities is likely to narrow fiscal space and prevent public investment from driving economic activity as it did before. In this situation, Malaysia will depend more on private consumption and investment to support economic growth in the next few years.

Why Disruptive Technologies Matter for Affordable Housing: The Case of Indonesia

Dao Harrison's picture

  The Case of Indonesia

Big Data. Blockchain. Drones. E-Wallets. Artificial Intelligence.
These are words that one would expect to hear at the latest conference in Silicon Valley, not during a discussion of Indonesia’s affordable housing challenges. Yet they were buzzing through the captive crowd in Jakarta at the Disruptive Technologies Workshop for Affordable Housing on September 17, 2018. The event, hosted by Indonesia’s Ministry of Public Works and Housing with support from the World Bank’s National Affordable Housing Program (NAHP), was attended by 150 participants from local public agencies, developers, lenders, and community organizations. The workshop’s goal was to explore one big question: How might Indonesia harness the power of disruptive technologies to transform its housing ecosystem?   

宜居始于社区——新加坡城市建设案例(上篇)

Xueman Wang's picture
30多年来,Toh太太一直住在武吉巴督 — 一个新加坡公共住房(组屋)小镇,这里能容纳超过11万居民。他们的公寓由新加坡建屋发展局 —即“HDB”建造,建屋发展局为82%的新加坡居民提供公共住房。
 
在世界银行新加坡基础设施和城市办公室工作期间,我有幸结识了Toh太太,她与先生在三居室的公寓中养大了三个孩子。当我问到她住在组屋区的感受时,她的第一反应是“方便”、“舒适”——“需要什么东西,走路去都不超过10分钟。”
 
现年64岁的Toh太太每天穿过廊道步行10分钟到地铁站(大众捷运系统,或MRT),她喜欢这么走,这段有顶棚的步道把她的家与社区设施无缝连接起来,使行人免受日晒雨淋之苦。
 
Covered walk pathways and multi-level bicycle racks
有顶棚的步道和多层自行车停放架。(摄影:王雪漫/世界银行)

走访几个社区后,我发现个个都是“实打实”的宜居典范,展现了新加坡卓越的城市综合设计水平。

5D紧凑型城市框架

我发现通过“5D” 紧凑型城市框架可以很好地诠释新加坡是如何提高宜居水平的:

宜居始于社区——新加坡故事(下篇)

Xueman Wang's picture
上一篇博客中,我介绍了5D框架,并结合新加坡的公共住房社区,例如组屋小镇,讨论了前两个D——密度和多样性。在本文中,我将分享我的观察体会,探讨组屋社区如何反映其他三个D——目的地(Destination)、距离(Distance)和设计(Design)。
 
为了提高目的地通达性,新加坡推行畅行乘车(Walk2Ride)计划,改善社区步道,鼓励居民使用公共交通。这项政府政策确保在地铁站400米(或1/4英里)范围内都建有公共廊道通往公车站点、公共设施和组屋。
 
让人们能“舒适”地“步行”搭乘公共交通只是新加坡为社区做的诸多努力之一,现在新加坡有顶棚的廊道总长度已经达到了200公里
 
为了缩短到达换乘点时间,政府鼓励居民骑行,以解决公共交通的第一英里和最后一英里的连通性问题。作为骑行基础设施的一部分,许多地铁和公交站点都设有多层自行车停放架,使新加坡更加适于骑行。实际上,从2016年7月开始,所有新建学校、商业、零售和企业园区(达到一定规模的)必须制定步行骑行规划,确保公共空间设计充分照顾到步行与骑行需求。
 
Neighborhood bicycle racks
社区自行车停放架。(摄影:王雪漫/世界银行)

让我们探索一下打造这座城市的最后一个“D”城市设计的方方面面。我认为社区是新加坡建设花园里的城市愿景的重要组成部分。虽然新加坡面积不大,但政府付出了巨大的努力为居民打造自然环境。

The green growth crossroads: changing course to fight climate change in Lao PDR

Stephen Danyo's picture

Small, landlocked, and resource-rich Lao PDR has been quietly maintaining its place as one of East Asia and Pacific’s fastest growing economies for nearly 20 years. Since 2000, the average economic growth rate of the country has been nearly 8 percent. This growth has propelled Lao PDR through many positive milestones, including meeting the criteria of Least Developed Country graduation for the first time this year. Meanwhile, poverty declined from 34 percent in 2003, to 23 percent according to most recent data, and incomes for many have risen.

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