Di siang hari yang terik itu, sejumlah jambang jongkok menyambut pengunjung Taman Budaya di Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat.
Para pengunjung tersebut tidak sedang mencari jamban baru, bukan pula sedang melakukan proyek perbaikan rumah. Mereka termasuk dari 350 warga desa yang ‘berbelanja’ ide-ide dan inovasi-inovasi untuk meningkatkan layanan dan infrastruktur dasar di desa-desa asal mereka.
Festival Desa Inovatif 2017 diselenggarakan oleh Pemerintah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat, bekerja sama dengan Program Generasi Cerdas dan Sehat dari Kementerian Desa. Festival tersebut menampilkan solusi-solusi inovatif untuk menanggulangi beberapa kendala pembangunan yang mendesak yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat-masyarakat desa.
East Asia and Pacific
One recent scorching afternoon, a display of colorful squat toilets welcomed curious visitors in the main park of the city of Mataram, in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province.
These visitors were not looking to buy new toilet bowls, nor were they working on home improvement projects. They were among 350 villagers who went ‘shopping’ for ideas and innovations to improve basic services and infrastructure in their home villages.
The 2017 Village Innovation Festival was organized by the provincial government of West Nusa Tenggara, in collaboration with the Ministry of Village's Generasi Cerdas dan Sehat Program.The festival highlighted innovative solutions to address some of the most pressing development challenges faced by village communities.
Over the past three decades, China’s unprecedented pace of urbanization has allowed more than 260 million migrants to move from agriculture to more productive activities. This has helped 500 million people escape poverty and for China to grow at an average 10 percent a year for three consecutive decades. At the same time, between 2000 and 2014, weather-related disasters caused more than RMB 4.645 trillion ($749 billion) in damages.
There is strong evidence that climate change is altering the profile of hazards. The observed frequency and severity of extremely heavy rain storms since the 1950s in China have significantly increased and future climate scenarios suggest that interannual variability in rainfall may increase further, aggravating the risk of flooding and as well as severe lack of water.
Over the past two decades, the city of Lishui in Zhejiang Province of China suffered from devastating floods, landslides, as well as heat waves. Today, the over 2 million people of Lishui have a lot to be proud of. Their city is recognized as China’s “top ecological, picturesque paradise for healthy life and home of longevity”. This is the result of close attention from city and provincial officials in understanding the root causes of the problems caused by the changing climate. This has been followed by inclusive planning, design and implementation of technically sound projects that are in harmony with the rivers flowing through the city in concert with the surrounding hilly terrain’s natural and city-wide storm water drainage systems.
Myanmar in 2012, when we started our financial sector engagement, and Myanmar today seem like two different worlds. Back then, sim cards cost close to US$500, visitors carried wads of crisp, new dollar bills, Yangon streets were filled with old models of Toyotas and Nissans, while the capital Nay Pyi Taw had only rickety hotels. Now streets lined with old shops have given way to $1 sim cards, brand new car models, international hotel chains and gleaming new shopping malls. ATMs and “We accept Visa and Master Card” signs are now nearly ubiquitous in the country’s cities.
1997 оны хавар би Монголын албан бус салбарын тухай судалгаа хийсэн нь Монголын хувьд энэ чиглэлээр хийгдсэн анхны судалгаа байсан ба мэдээлэл маш хомс байлаа. Албан бус салбар ямар хурдацтай өссөн, ямар хэмжээтэй байсан, энэ салбарт ажиллаж байгаа хүмүүс өөрсдийгөө хэрхэн харж зохион байгуулдаг, албан бус салбар дахь бизнес эрхлэлт, зах зээл хэрхэн өөрийгөө зохицуулж байсан зэрэг нь миний сонирхлыг ихэд татаж байв.
Статистик мэдээллийг судлахын зэрэгцээ, таксиний жолооч, гутал тослогч жаалуудтай ярилцлага хийн мэдээлэл цуглуулдаг байсан энэ үе миний ажлын хувьд тэрнээс өмнө болон хойно хэзээ ч байгаагүй хамгийн сонирхолтой үе байсан. Төрийн албан хаагчдаас жижиглэнгийн худалдаа эрхлэх ТҮЦ-ний зөвшөөрлийг өгөх эсэхээ хэрхэн шийддэг байсан, албан бус (хувь хүмүүс өөрсдөө ажиллуулдаг, бие даасан) автобуснуудтай хэрхэн хамтран ажилладаг талаар ярилцлага авч байв. Ийнхүү тал бүрээс цуглуулсан түүхүүдийн хамт толилуулах тоо баримтыг цуглуулахаар Үндэсний статистикийн газар болон Улаанбаатар хотын статистикийн газартай хамтран асуулга хийдэг байлаа.
In the spring of 1997 I conducted the research for a study of Mongolia’s informal sector. It was the first such study in the country and there was a blank slate in terms of information. I was fascinated by how rapidly it had grown, by questions about the size of the sector, by how people working in the informal sector see and organized themselves, by informal entrepreneurship and the spontaneity of markets.
I had as much fun as I have had in my career before or since, poring through statistics, interviewing taxi drivers and shoe shine boys. I interviewed officials on how they decide to provide permission for kiosks to set up shop and how they collaborate with informal (i.e., private, independent) buses. I worked with the NSO and the Ulaanbaatar city statistics department to do a survey to put some numbers with the stories.
When I was in primary school, there was a large construction project happening on the road in front of our house. I remember it was loud, dusty and the subject of constant complaints from our neighbors. However, my most vivid memory is of all the shiny, majestic machinery being delivered by the workers in their bright orange uniforms.
There was an immediate fascination among the children with these powerful and temptingly dangerous machines. Of course our parents all drilled us with the same message – “Do not go near, do not touch, do not interfere with the nice men repairing the roads,” and so we abided, but the curiosity and thrill of potentially touching these metal monsters never entirely subsided. Luckily, working in the transport sector now I get to be around construction equipment all the time!
What do you imagine when you hear the words “capacity development”? Most development professionals associate capacity development with training, seminars and perhaps study tours. Most of the countries the World Bank works in require a significant boost in their capability to implement policies, programs and projects, especially in countries supported by the Bank’s fund to the poorest, International Development Association (IDA).
For training to be sustainable and have high impact, it should be targeted to a particular public sector problem, and coupled with initiatives to improve organizational and institutional capacity.
In 1950, the average working-age person in the world had almost three years of education, but in East Asia and Pacific (EAP), the average person had less than half that amount. Around this time, countries in the EAP region put themselves on a path that focused on growth driven by human capital. They made significant and steady investments in schooling to close the educational attainment gap with the rest of the world. While improving their school systems, they also put their human capital to work in labor markets. As a result, economic growth has been stellar: for four decades EAP has grown at roughly twice the pace of the global average. What is more, no slowdown is in sight for rising prosperity.
High economic growth and strong human capital accumulation are deeply intertwined. In a recent paper, Daron Acemoglu and David Autor explore the way skills and labor markets interact: Human capital is the central determinant of economic growth and is the main—and very likely the only—means to achieve shared growth when technology is changing quickly and raising the demand for skills. Skills promote productivity and growth, but if there are not enough skilled workers, growth soon chokes off. If, by contrast, skills are abundant and average skill-levels keep rising, technological change can drive productivity and growth without stoking inequality.
- boost prosperity
- Knowledge and Skills
- job market
- job creation
- Social Development
- Public Sector and Governance
- East Asia and Pacific
- Solomon Islands
- Papua New Guinea
- Micronesia, Federated States of
- Marshall Islands
- Lao People's Democratic Republic
- Korea, Republic of