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East Asia and Pacific

Thailand: taking the first step for a green Chiang Mai

Chanin Manopiniwes's picture
Also available in: ภาษาไทย

Everyone who travels to Thailand will want to have Chiang Mai on their list. It’s an old city which reflects the lovely northern Thai culture and has a lot of significant history behind it. My wife and I spent our first anniversary there because it’s very nice and peaceful. Chiang Mai is a place where Thais often go to recharge and take advantage of the slower pace of life. I have started recently travelling to Chiang Mai more often for work, but even that is also pleasurable.

 

 

Chiang Mai has grown so much, and so fast. We see more and more cars in the city center. The traffic jams are becoming problematic and the public transportation issue remains an unsolved problem. To help, the World Bank is supporting the Chiang Mai Municipality's vision of promoting “green mobility” with help from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). It is a small pilot project that supports non-motorized transport, such as walking and bicycling, by improving city center's walk path and bicycle lanes in the city center.

ย่างก้าวแรกสู่เชียงใหม่สีเขียว

Chanin Manopiniwes's picture
Also available in: English

ใครๆ ที่มาประเทศไทย ก็ต้องมีเชียงใหม่อยู่ในรายการเที่ยว เพราะเชียงใหม่เป็นเมืองเก่าที่สะท้อนวัฒนธรรมทางเหนือของไทยได้อย่างงดงาม และยังแฝงแง่มุมทางประวัติศาสตร์ที่สำคัญไว้มากมาย ผมและภรรยาไปฉลองครบรอบแต่งงานในปีแรกที่นั่นเพราะเป็นเมืองที่สงบและสวยงาม เชียงใหม่เป็นจังหวัดที่คนไทยมักไปเที่ยวเพื่อพักผ่อนและดื่มด่ำกับจังหวะชีวิตที่ช้าลง ไม่นานมานี้ผมได้ไปเยือนเชียงใหม่บ่อยขึ้นเพราะเรื่องงาน แต่ถึงอย่างนั้น ก็ยังมีความพึงใจ

 

 

เชียงใหม่เจริญขึ้นมากและโตเร็วมาก ในตัวเมืองเราจะเห็นรถราเพิ่มขึ้น เริ่มเกิดปัญหารถติดและปัญหาระบบขนส่งมวลชนก็ยังไม่ได้รับการแก้ไข ธนาคารโลกจึงช่วยสนับสนุนวิสัยทัศน์ของเทศบาลนครเชียงใหม่ที่ต้องการส่งเสริม “ยานยนต์สีเขียว” (green mobility) ด้วยการสนับสนุนจากกับกองทุนสิ่งแวดล้อมโลก (Global Environment Facility) นี่เป็นโครงการนำร่องเล็กๆ ที่ส่งเสริมการใช้ยานพาหนะไร้เครื่องยนต์ เช่น การเดิน การปั่นจักรยาน โดยการพัฒนาทางเดินและทางจักรยานในใจกลางเมือง

Confessions of a mobile phone skeptic in the Pacific

Laura Keenan's picture


I must admit to being notoriously bad with a mobile phone. I forget to take it with me, leave it in parks and cafés and have never migrated to a smart phone – a simple old Nokia handset is my trusty aide. And on my part this has probably contributed to some skepticism about the discussion of development and mobile phones – which can sometimes seem a little evangelical.

OpenStreetMap volunteers map Typhoon Haiyan-affected areas to support Philippines relief and recovery efforts

Zuzana Stanton-Geddes's picture


Mapping impact on houses in Tacloban

In the aftermath of a disaster, lack of information about the affected areas can hamper relief and recovery efforts. Open-source mapping tools provide a much-needed low-cost high-tech opportunity to bridge this gap and provide localized information that can be freely used and further developed.

A week ago, devastating typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines. As the images of the horrifying destruction emerge, there is a clear need in accessing localized high-resolution information that can guide communities’ recovery and reconstruction. Responding to this challenge, over 766 volunteers have been activated by the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) to create baseline geographic data which can be freely used by the Philippine government, donors and partner organizations to support all phases of disaster recovery.

Why is ethnic minority poverty persistent in Vietnam?

Gabriel Demombynes's picture
Also available in: Tiếng Việt
What will it take to end poverty in Vietnam?



A few months ago, I journeyed to Lao Cai, a predominantly ethnic minority area in Vietnam’s Northern Mountains, to supervise a pilot survey. One older man I encountered—typical of many we saw—was a subsistence farmer with minimal education who spoke only his native language and had barely ventured beyond his village.

Members of ethnic minority groups make up 15 percent of the country’s population but account for 70 percent of the extreme poor (measured using a national extreme poverty line). During Vietnam’s two decades of rapid growth, members of ethnic minority groups in the country have experienced overall improvements in their standards of living, but their gains have lagged behind those of the Kinh majority.

Why is ethnic minority poverty persistent? This has been the subject of numerous studies, including a 2009 study on ethnicity and development in Vietnam as well as a chapter in our more recent Vietnam Poverty Assessment. This is also one piece of the research my team is currently pursuing.

Tại sao nhóm dân tộc thiểu số ở Việt Nam nghèo dai dẳng?

Gabriel Demombynes's picture
Also available in: English
Làm gì để xóa nghèo ở Việt Nam?



Vài tháng trước, tôi có chuyến đi Lào Cai - một khu vực có nhiều dân tộc thiểu số sinh sống ở miền núi phía Bắc Việt Nam- để giám sát một cuộc khảo sát thí điểm. Tôi đã tình cờ gặp một người đàn ông lớn tuổi - một người điển hình trong số rất nhiều người mà chúng tôi đã gặp – đó là một người nông dân chỉ vừa đủ sống, có trình độ học vấn tối thiểu chỉ biết nói tiếng dân tộc và hiếm khi ra khỏi bản làng.

Người dân tộc thiểu số chiếm 15% dân số của Việt Nam nhưng chiếm tới 70% nhóm đối tượng cực nghèo (được đo lường theo chuẩn cực nghèo quốc gia). Trong suốt hai thập kỷ tăng trưởng nhanh của Việt Nam, người dân tộc thiểu số ở quốc gia này đã có mức sống được cải thiện lên một cách toàn diện, song thành quả được hưởng của nhóm đối tượng này còn kém xa so với dân tộc chiếm đa số là người Kinh.

Membangkitkan Generasi Emas Indonesia: Memperluas Wajib Belajar dari 9 Menjadi 12 Tahun

Samer Al-Samarrai's picture

Available in English | Cette page en Français



Belum lama ini, Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan mengumumkan perpanjangan program wajib belajar dari 9 ke 12 tahun. Dibalik pengumuman ini tersirat keinginan untuk meraup keuntungan dari bonus demografi ini secara maksimal.
 
Beda dengan negara-negara sekawasannya, Indonesia adalah bangsa yang relatif muda; sepertiga dari populasinya dibawah usia 14 tahun. Jika program perpanjangan wajib belajar ini diterapkan dengan sukses, maka penduduk muda tersebut akan mendapat manfaat dari peningkatan akses pendidikan. Anak-anak ini membawa  peluang yang sangat besar. Ketika mereka bergerak menuju pasar tenaga kerja, mereka memiliki potensi untuk meningkatkan pendapatan per-kapita nasional sebelum usia penduduk mengalami penuaan  dan tingkat ketergantungan meningkat. Untuk meraih keuntungan dari bonus demografi ini, generasi yang disebut-sebut “generasi emas” oleh Mendikbud ini harus diberi pendidikan yang lebih baik, dan kesempatan belajar hingga sekolah menengah.

 

Myanmar: Thoughts Aboard the Yangon Circular Railway Train

Kanthan Shankar's picture

The Yangon Circular Railway is the local commuter rail network in Yangon, Myanmar. In this recording, World Bank Country Manager Kanthan Shankar boards the train on a three-hour ride around the city. "You see a panorama of life unfolding before you and you feel a part of the picture," he says, reflecting on the daily lives of the people in Yangon, "There's a huge opportunity for commerce and private sector growth. Yangon and Myanmar is lucky that it has basic infrastructure in place. It's a matter of rehabilitating these and aiming for a smoother ride to pave the way for commerce,"

 
Watch Kanthan's video blog:

The Pacific Islands Forum Responds to Climate Change

Axel van Trotsenburg's picture


I am here this week in Majuro in the Marshall Islands – where leaders from the Pacific Island Forum have gathered to discuss the impacts of climate change and to push for global action to mitigate the effects.

Here in the Marshall Islands, the highest point above sea level is only 3 meters.

In May this year, an unprecedented drought in the northern atolls of the Marshall Islands left many without enough food and water.

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