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community participation

Staying the Course in Mongolia: 14 years institutionalizing community participation

Helene Carlsson Rex's picture
Also available in: Mongolian
In development we want things to go accordingly to plan.  We look for tools, guidelines and best practices in our quest for results and impact. But we also know that development is not an exact science and things do not always go according to plan.  Changes in government or an economic downturn can quickly make a project design irrelevant.

But in some cases, it does go (more or less) accordingly to plan despite bumps in the road along the way.  One such example is the Sustainable Livelihoods Program series in Mongolia, which on September 17, 2015 launched its third and final phase.

Back in 2002, after a series of particularly harsh winters that killed one-third of the livestock in Mongolia and added even more strain to an already impoverished rural population, the World Bank decided to support a new approach to sustainable livelihoods. At that time, the country had little history of community participation in local development planning, and few rural finance options.  

The vision was to place investment funds at the local level and to give the communities a strong voice in the allocation of these funds. Because of the risks associated with the severe winters in Mongolia, pastoral risk management and winter preparedness were to be strengthened. And with a history of inefficient central planning, supporting a policy shift towards greater fiscal decentralization was very important.

This vision and core principles were translated into the design of the three-part Sustainable Livelihoods Series, which included piloting, scaling-up and institutionalization phases.

Монгол улсад иргэдийн оролцоог хангахад 14 дэх жилдээ ажиллаж байна

Helene Carlsson Rex's picture
Also available in: English

Албан бус орчуулга.

Хөгжлийн төлөөх аливаа аянд бүх зүйл төлөвлөсөн ёсоор явахыг бид хүсдэг.  Үр дүн, нөлөөллийг бий болгохын тулд арга хэрэгсэл, шилдэг туршлагыг эрэлхийлдэг. Гэхдээ, хөгжил гэдэг бол тодорхой шинжлэх ухаан биш учраас юмс тэр болгон төлөвлөсөн ёсоор биелээд байдаггүйг бид мэднэ. Засгийн газрын өөрчлөлт шинэчлэл, эдийн засгийн хямрал зэргээс шалтгаалж  төслийн загвар оновчгүй болж хувирах тохиолдол элбэг байдаг.

Гэвч, олон саад тотгор байсаар байтал төлөвлөсөн ёсоор амжилттай хэрэгждэг төслүүд байдаг.  Үүний нэг жишээ бол Монгол улсад амжилттай  хэрэгжиж 2015 оны 9 дүгээр сарын 17-нд  эцсийн гуравдугаар шатны нээлтээ хийсэн Тогтвортой амжиргаа төсөл юм.

Анх 2002 онд, Монгол улсын нийт малын гуравны нэгийг авч одсон, хөдөөний хүн амын ядуурлын түвшинг улам нэмэгдүүлсэн  хэдэн жил дараалсан ширүүн өвлийн дараа, Дэлхийн банкнаас тогтвортой амжиргааг дэмжих шинэ арга зам болох уг төслийг хэрэгжүүлэх шийдвэрийг гаргаж байсан.      Тухайн үед,  орон нутгийн хөгжлийн төлөвлөлтөд иргэдийн оролцоог хангах туршлага Монгол улсад үндсэндээ байгаагүй бөгөөд орон нутгийн санхүүжилт маш бага байсан. 

Хөрөнгө оруулалтын санг орон нутгийн түвшинд байршуулж сангийн зарцуулалтыг хувиарлахад орон нутгийн иргэдийн саналыг хатуу харгалзахад төслийн хэтийн зорилго оршиж байсан. Монголын өвлийн ширүүн уур амьсгалын эрсдэлтэй холбоотойгоор  бэлчээрийн менежмент, өвлийн бэлтгэлийг    сайжруулах шаардлага тулгарсан үе байсан. Үр ашиггүй төвлөрсөн төлөвлөгөөт эдийн засгийн түүхтэй улсын хувьд санхүүгийн төвлөрлийг сааруулах бодлогын өөрчлөлтийг дэмжих нь чухалд тавигдаж байсан үе юм. 

Уг хэтийн төлөв болон үндсэн зарчмыг турших, нэвтрүүлэх, институцжуулах гэсэн гурван үе шат бүхий Тогтвортой амжиргаа цуврал төслийн загварт хөрвүүлэн тусгасан юм. 

A day in the life of the Solomons Rural Development Project

David Potten's picture

(Read Part 2 and Part 3 of this blog post)

The bow of the open aluminium boat jumped from wave to wave, cutting deeply into the white-topped wave crests and adding salt spray to the rain that was showering us constantly with wind-blown pin prick-like strikes. The helmsman then turned towards the shore, slowly bringing the boat into shallow water beside a small wooden pier, where we were able to climb gingerly ashore.

The helmsman was Wilson, Team Leader for the Solomon Islands Rural Development Project (RDP) in the Western Province, and he was accompanied by Lottie, the RDP Project Manager. RDP is a Solomon Islands government project supported by the World Bank, Australia, the European Union and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Graham (my colleague on this mission) and I were in the Solomon Islands as part of an evaluation of the World Bank's work in the Pacific, funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID). The RDP had been selected as a case study project for us to visit.

History of Hybrid Courts in East Asia & Pacific: A ‘best fit’ approach to justice reform?

Peter Chapman's picture
Peter Chapman

It took 41 years for the fastest developing 20 countries in the 20th century to achieve basic transformations in the rule of law.  However, the World Development Report 2011 suggests that fragile countries cannot afford to wait that long.  Instead, in managing disputes, it is imperative for governments and the international community to support arrangements that fit each country context, take into account capacity constraints in government and the local level, and respond to the needs of users. Justice reform should be measured accordingly from a functional perspective—based on the needs of users—rather than abstract modeling of institutions on western approaches. 

Our home, our village, we shall rebuild it

Nugroho Nurdikiawan Sunjoyo's picture

Available in Bahasa

In September this year I visited a number of communities in Yogyakarta, in Java, Indonesia, who were rebuilding their lives and homes after experiencing a series of natural disasters. The reconstruction process which I saw is perhaps in example of post-disaster community participation at their best.

Our home, our village, we shall rebuild it