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Bank Sampah di Indonesia: Menabung, Mengubah Perilaku

Randy Salim's picture
Also available in: English



Bicara soal sampah: kecenderungannya adalah kita tidak terlalu memikirkan apakah sampah yang kita hasilkan itu organik atau non-organik. Kita mungkin juga tidak terlalu peduli ke mana larinya sampah itu. Sementara kenyataannya: di Indonesia, sampah rumahtangga kita akan bercampur dengan sampah jutaan rumahtangga lainnya, hingga terbentuklah gunung-gunung sampah yang tak semestinya di tempat pembuangan akhir (TPA) berbagai kota.  
 
Bicara soal pengelolaan sampah yang ideal, para pakar akan mengatakan bahwa tanggungjawabnya bukanlah milik pemerintah kota semata, tetapi milik bersama.
Jumlah penduduk terus meningkat, begitu pula pola konsumsi. Volume sampah pun kian meluap di berbagai TPA.
 
Lantas apa yang bisa dilakukan? Saat ini di Indonesia, Bank Dunia tengah mengkaji berbagai cara untuk memperbaiki sistem pengelolaan sampah. Salah satu pilihannya adalah memperbanyak jumlah bank sampah.  Belum lama ini saya bersama tim proyek pengelolaan sampah Bank Dunia  mengunjungi bank sampah di beberapa kota untuk belajar lebih banyak tentang cara kerjanya.
 

Waste Not, Want Not : “Waste Banks” in Indonesia

Randy Salim's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Indonesia



When you’ve grown so used to tossing all manner of garbage into the trash bin, without giving a second thought to whether it is organic or non-organic waste, it’s easy to not care where your garbage ultimately ends up. But the reality is that, in Indonesia, your garbage gets mixed together with the garbage of millions of households, creating mountains of toxic waste too large to contain in municipal landfills.
 
As experts in the field would vehemently argue, solid waste management is not the sole responsibility of a municipal government, but a collective one. As populations grow and consumption patterns increase, more and more solid waste is created– and landfills can only take so much waste!
 
So what to do? The World Bank in Indonesia is currently exploring how to improve solid waste management, and scaling up ‘waste banks’ is one option.  Recently I went on mission with the Solid Waste team to see these waste banks at work.
 

How to provide clean water in rural areas: an example from Vietnam

Hoang Thi Hoa's picture
Also available in: Tiếng Việt


Two kids wash their hands with clean water. Their home in Thai Binh Province, Vietnam got access to clean water in 2011. Watch video: Providing clean water in rural areas: an example from Vietnam

Despite Vietnam’s significant economic growth in recent years, there continues to be a gap between urban and rural areas when it comes to access to clean water and hygienic sanitation facilities. Many poor households in rural areas still do not have access to clean water or to a toilet. During one of our earlier field visits for the Red River Delta Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RRDRWASS) project which began almost 10 years ago, I was struck by what a lady from a community told me. She questioned why people in urban areas have access to good water supply and sanitation services while those in rural areas do not. She said that compared to urban residents, perhaps people in rural areas were happy with a lower level of service and that the demand for better services was simply not there.

At first I thought that she might be right but I later came to realise that this is not the case. There is demand for improved services in rural areas, and more importantly, people have a fundamental right to have access to those services.

So what are the reasons for the gap?

保持良好健康状况之秘诀:安全饮水和环境卫生

Patricio V. Marquez's picture

Available in English

今年世界水日(3月22日)前夕,一些公众健康方面的消息称,人的健康与患病后的医疗保健无关,而是与可提高人们尤其是贫困人口健康水平、生产能力以及生活质量的关键投资有关。
 

2012年联合国儿童基金会和世界卫生组织联合报告《饮用水和环境卫生方面取得的进展》指出,2010年年底,全球有61亿人(占全球总人口89%)用上了更清洁、更安全的饮用水。这意味着与此相关的千年发展目标较之2015年这一最后期限已大幅提前完成。该报告还预测说,到2015年,全球92%的人口将用上更清洁、更安全的饮用水。
 

但是,不太好的消息是,全世界只有63%的人口用上了条件更好的环卫设施。预计到2015年,这一数字将仅会增加到67%,大大低于千年发展目标中设定的75%这一分项目标。目前,全世界有25亿人缺少条件更好的环卫设施。该报告重点指出,这些数字显示,全世界各地区和各国之间以及各国国内各地方之间存在巨大差距(如撒哈拉以南非洲地区仅有61%的人口用上了安全饮水)。