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Sustainable Development

How Ho Chi Minh City got a facelift: sustainable development solutions are changing a city

Madhu Raghunath's picture
Also available in: Tiếng Việt

When I visited Vietnam for the first time three years ago, I imagined a Ho Chi Minh City out of Hollywood movies, with panoramic buildings of French architecture, tree-lined, long boulevards and the melting pot of Indochine cuisine.

After I began working in the city as an urban professional in 2012, I quickly learned to see it as much more: a vibrant, young, hip and energetic city with a vision and determination to become a leading metropolis in East Asia, not just in Vietnam, one of the fastest-growing emerging economies in the region.

And it has taken all the right steps just to do that, combining infrastructure development with social services to make sure the city is more livable and growth more sustainable. As the World Cities Day approaches, I thought it would be useful to share the city’s experience with the world. 

Staying the Course in Mongolia: 14 years institutionalizing community participation

Helene Carlsson Rex's picture
Also available in: Mongolian
In development we want things to go accordingly to plan.  We look for tools, guidelines and best practices in our quest for results and impact. But we also know that development is not an exact science and things do not always go according to plan.  Changes in government or an economic downturn can quickly make a project design irrelevant.

But in some cases, it does go (more or less) accordingly to plan despite bumps in the road along the way.  One such example is the Sustainable Livelihoods Program series in Mongolia, which on September 17, 2015 launched its third and final phase.

Back in 2002, after a series of particularly harsh winters that killed one-third of the livestock in Mongolia and added even more strain to an already impoverished rural population, the World Bank decided to support a new approach to sustainable livelihoods. At that time, the country had little history of community participation in local development planning, and few rural finance options.  

The vision was to place investment funds at the local level and to give the communities a strong voice in the allocation of these funds. Because of the risks associated with the severe winters in Mongolia, pastoral risk management and winter preparedness were to be strengthened. And with a history of inefficient central planning, supporting a policy shift towards greater fiscal decentralization was very important.

This vision and core principles were translated into the design of the three-part Sustainable Livelihoods Series, which included piloting, scaling-up and institutionalization phases.

Монгол улсад иргэдийн оролцоог хангахад 14 дэх жилдээ ажиллаж байна

Helene Carlsson Rex's picture
Also available in: English
Хөгжлийн төлөөх аливаа аянд бүх зүйл төлөвлөсөн ёсоор явахыг бид хүсдэг.  Үр дүн, нөлөөллийг бий болгохын тулд арга хэрэгсэл, шилдэг туршлагыг эрэлхийлдэг. Гэхдээ, хөгжил гэдэг бол тодорхой шинжлэх ухаан биш учраас юмс тэр болгон төлөвлөсөн ёсоор биелээд байдаггүйг бид мэднэ. Засгийн газрын өөрчлөлт шинэчлэл, эдийн засгийн хямрал зэргээс шалтгаалж  төслийн загвар оновчгүй болж хувирах тохиолдол элбэг байдаг.

Гэвч, олон саад тотгор байсаар байтал төлөвлөсөн ёсоор амжилттай хэрэгждэг төслүүд байдаг.  Үүний нэг жишээ бол Монгол улсад амжилттай  хэрэгжиж 2015 оны 9 дүгээр сарын 17-нд  эцсийн гуравдугаар шатны нээлтээ хийсэн Тогтвортой амжиргаа төсөл юм.

Анх 2002 онд, Монгол улсын нийт малын гуравны нэгийг авч одсон, хөдөөний хүн амын ядуурлын түвшинг улам нэмэгдүүлсэн  хэдэн жил дараалсан ширүүн өвлийн дараа, Дэлхийн банкнаас тогтвортой амжиргааг дэмжих шинэ арга зам болох уг төслийг хэрэгжүүлэх шийдвэрийг гаргаж байсан.      Тухайн үед,  орон нутгийн хөгжлийн төлөвлөлтөд иргэдийн оролцоог хангах туршлага Монгол улсад үндсэндээ байгаагүй бөгөөд орон нутгийн санхүүжилт маш бага байсан. 

Хөрөнгө оруулалтын санг орон нутгийн түвшинд байршуулж сангийн зарцуулалтыг хувиарлахад орон нутгийн иргэдийн саналыг хатуу харгалзахад төслийн хэтийн зорилго оршиж байсан. Монголын өвлийн ширүүн уур амьсгалын эрсдэлтэй холбоотойгоор  бэлчээрийн менежмент, өвлийн бэлтгэлийг    сайжруулах шаардлага тулгарсан үе байсан. Үр ашиггүй төвлөрсөн төлөвлөгөөт эдийн засгийн түүхтэй улсын хувьд санхүүгийн төвлөрлийг сааруулах бодлогын өөрчлөлтийг дэмжих нь чухалд тавигдаж байсан үе юм. 

Уг хэтийн төлөв болон үндсэн зарчмыг турших, нэвтрүүлэх, институцжуулах гэсэн гурван үе шат бүхий Тогтвортой амжиргаа цуврал төслийн загварт хөрвүүлэн тусгасан юм. 

World Bank Vice President for East Asia & Pacific: Coping with Climate Change in Vietnam

Axel van Trotsenburg's picture
World Bank Vice President for East Asia & Pacific: Coping with Climate Change in Vietnam

World Bank Vice President for the East Asia and the Pacific region Axel van Trotsenburg calls for joint efforts to tackle climate change in Vietnam.

Chiang Mai City rides towards a “Green Future” in Thailand

Trinn Suwannapha's picture
Also available in: ภาษาไทย

When I was asked to produce a video about the Chiang Mai Sustainable Urban Transport Project, I thought it would be really interesting for me to see how Thailand’s second largest city had changed. The last time I visited Chiang Mai before this was 15 years ago, in the 1990s.

Ideas for a Greener Chiang Mai

Chiang Mai is now very vibrant and full of potential. There is an energetic, creative buzz about it and yet it still manages to hold on to its unique heritage and identity.

ร่วมใจปั่น กันไปสู่ "อนาคตสีเขียว" ของเมืองเชียงใหม่

Trinn Suwannapha's picture
Also available in: English

ตอนที่ผมได้รับมอบหมายให้มาทำวิดีโอเกี่ยวกับโครงการขนส่งอย่างยั่งยืนเมืองเชียงใหม่ ผมว่า คงน่าสนใจมากที่จะได้เห็น เมืองที่ใหญ่เป็นอันดับสองของประเทศมีความเปลี่ยนแปลงไปอย่างไร เพราะครั้งสุดท้ายที่ผมมาเชียงใหม่ก็เมื่อ 15 ปีก่อน ในช่วงยุคปี ค.ศ. 90 นู้น


ตอนนี้ เชียงใหม่เป็นเมืองที่มีชีวิตชีวาและเปี่ยมด้วยศักยภาพ มีเสียงบอกต่อกันมาถึงความกระตือรือร้นและความริเริ่มสร้างสรรค์ แล้วก็ยังคงรักษามรดกและอัตลักษณ์ที่เป็นเอกลักษณ์ของตนไว้

Thailand: taking the first step for a green Chiang Mai

Chanin Manopiniwes's picture
Also available in: ภาษาไทย

Everyone who travels to Thailand will want to have Chiang Mai on their list. It’s an old city which reflects the lovely northern Thai culture and has a lot of significant history behind it. My wife and I spent our first anniversary there because it’s very nice and peaceful. Chiang Mai is a place where Thais often go to recharge and take advantage of the slower pace of life. I have started recently travelling to Chiang Mai more often for work, but even that is also pleasurable.



Chiang Mai has grown so much, and so fast. We see more and more cars in the city center. The traffic jams are becoming problematic and the public transportation issue remains an unsolved problem. To help, the World Bank is supporting the Chiang Mai Municipality's vision of promoting “green mobility” with help from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). It is a small pilot project that supports non-motorized transport, such as walking and bicycling, by improving city center's walk path and bicycle lanes in the city center.

Carbon Expo highlights China's experience in Clean Development Mechanism

Florian Kitt's picture

Ok. We are back again @ Carbon Expo. This year in Cologne. The German weather cannot really keep up with Barcelona (were Carbon Expo was held in 2009) but we are keeping the spirits up and the opening event proved to be very interesting with a speech by the German Environment Minister, Norbert Roettgen.

On his round across the fairground the Minister then visited the China booth and the East Asia Pavilion, where Thailand, Mongolia, Lao, and Indonesia and China are exhibiting. Jiao Xiaoping, Deputy Director General, CDM Fund, China, welcomed the Minister and presented him with the latest report on "Clean Development Mechanism in China". We'll soon have it up here.