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Thank you for your comment Barbara. I think you are right to flag definitional questions around ‘hybrid’ courts. While the term ‘hybrid’ invariably covers a variety of different institutional arrangements, by invoking ‘hybrid’ I was referring to the incorporation of community-based systems or officials into statutory structures through legislation or regulation. You’re quite right that different institutions within these systems can have concurrent jurisdiction. Over the years there has been much debate over the most appropriate terminology to describe ‘hybrid’ or customary or traditional justice systems. Practitioners have used a variety of terms and there are still disagreements over which is/are the most appropriate (perhaps an interesting subsequent blog!). Within East Asia & Pacific, Samuel Clark and Matthew Stephens include an interesting discussion of hybridity in a paper on Indonesia: