Excellent overview of the Village Courts System in PNG.Very impressed. We are nation of thousand tribes with thousand languages. Each tribes, clans or communities may practice different sets of accepted customary practices which may not be accepted in another cumstomary or traditional setting. This is the reason why the Village Court system was introduced so that conflicts over land, marriage, stealing from village gardens,etc including minor delinquencies at the community level can be solved at that level through accepted customary practices.Criminal offences like murder, rape, fraud, etc.. can be escalated to the Crimial Justice Systems for prosecution. The National and Supreme Courts has jurisdiction over such criminal matters.I must say that the Village Court system has been effective in PNG thus should be copied by other developing democracies in the region.