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Submitted by Hubert Abao on

The Philippines is a signatory to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change even if it is neither a major or a minor contributor to the global emission of the greenhouse gases. As a signatory to this agreement, the Philippines has an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) equivalent to a reduction target of 70% below as usual (BAU) levels by 2030. The Philippines has established the Climate Change Commission (CCC) with the President of the Philippines as the Chair. The projected increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission is due to urbanization, increased demand and use of energy and the expected increase in the number of vehicles, all of which are dependent on the use of crude oil for energy. Studies have shown that climate change is a threat to human survival, submergence of coastal communities due to sea-level rise, occurrence of more frequent and stronger typhoons (Yolanda, for example), prolonged and intense heat during summer and heavy rains during the rainy season. These climate abnormalities can be detrimental to human habitation, food supply, degradation of ecosystem services and eventual loss or extinction of some species. Hence, in 2013, the Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review or CPEIR came up with recommendations or specific measures to address climate change. These are (1) strengthening planning, execution, financing framework for climate change, (2) enhancing leadership and accountability through monitoring, evaluation, and review of climate change policies and activities and (3) building capacity and managing change. These recommendations were done during the time of the outgoing President, Benigno C. Aquino. With the change in the Presidency under President Rodrigo R. Duterte, the CCC convened the National Panel of Technical Experts on January 27, 2017 to review the accomplishments under the previous administration at the same time developing climate policies, programs and strategies . We may expect a different perspective on how climate change issues will be addressed.