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Malaysia budget 2019 – A balancing act for the new government

Firas Raad's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Malaysia’s latest budget points to many encouraging directions. How the government balances its priorities is key to ensuring low-income populations get to share in the benefits of development. (Photo: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

The unveiling of Malaysia’s much-anticipated 2019 budget last Friday by the Minister of Finance, Lim Guan Eng comes at a challenging time for the country. On the external side, Malaysia’s exports are facing growing headwinds – as opposed to the fair winds of recent years – due to heightened trade tensions and slower global growth. On the domestic front, a new emphasis on addressing the stock of government debt and contingent liabilities is likely to narrow fiscal space and prevent public investment from driving economic activity as it did before. In this situation, Malaysia will depend more on private consumption and investment to support economic growth in the next few years.

Why Disruptive Technologies Matter for Affordable Housing: The Case of Indonesia

Dao Harrison's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Indonesia

  The Case of Indonesia

Big Data. Blockchain. Drones. E-Wallets. Artificial Intelligence.
These are words that one would expect to hear at the latest conference in Silicon Valley, not during a discussion of Indonesia’s affordable housing challenges. Yet they were buzzing through the captive crowd in Jakarta at the Disruptive Technologies Workshop for Affordable Housing on September 17, 2018. The event, hosted by Indonesia’s Ministry of Public Works and Housing with support from the World Bank’s National Affordable Housing Program (NAHP), was attended by 150 participants from local public agencies, developers, lenders, and community organizations. The workshop’s goal was to explore one big question: How might Indonesia harness the power of disruptive technologies to transform its housing ecosystem?   

Mengapa Disruptive Technologies Penting untuk Perumahan Terjangkau: Kasus di Indonesia

Dao Harrison's picture
Also available in: English

  The Case of Indonesia

Big Data. Blockchain. Drone. E-Wallets. Kecerdasan Buatan (Intelegensi Artifisial).
Istilah-istilah tersebut biasanya dibahas dalam sebuah konferensi yang paling baru di Silicon Valley, bukan dalam sebuah diskusi mengenai tantangan pada perumahan terjangkau di Indonesia. Namun instilah tersebut berdengung diantara para peserta yang mengikuti acara lokakarya tentang Teknologi Disruptif untuk Perumahan Terjangkau (Disruptive Technologies Workshop for Affordable Housing) di Jakarta pada tanggal 17 September 2018. Acara ini diselenggarakan oleh Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat dengan dukungan dari Bank Dunia melalui program National Affordable Housing Program (NAHP), dihadiri oleh 150 peserta yang terdiri dari Organisasi Perangkat Dearah (OPD), Pengembang, Bank, dan organisasi kemasyarakatan. Lokakarya ini bertujuan untuk membahas suatu pertanyaan besar yaitu: Bagaimana Indonesia dapat memanfaatkan kekuatan disruptive technologies untuk mengubah kondisi & permasalahan perumahannya?

宜居始于社区——新加坡城市建设案例(上篇)

Xueman Wang's picture
30多年来,Toh太太一直住在武吉巴督 — 一个新加坡公共住房(组屋)小镇,这里能容纳超过11万居民。他们的公寓由新加坡建屋发展局 —即“HDB”建造,建屋发展局为82%的新加坡居民提供公共住房。
 
在世界银行新加坡基础设施和城市办公室工作期间,我有幸结识了Toh太太,她与先生在三居室的公寓中养大了三个孩子。当我问到她住在组屋区的感受时,她的第一反应是“方便”、“舒适”——“需要什么东西,走路去都不超过10分钟。”
 
现年64岁的Toh太太每天穿过廊道步行10分钟到地铁站(大众捷运系统,或MRT),她喜欢这么走,这段有顶棚的步道把她的家与社区设施无缝连接起来,使行人免受日晒雨淋之苦。
 
Covered walk pathways and multi-level bicycle racks
有顶棚的步道和多层自行车停放架。(摄影:王雪漫/世界银行)

走访几个社区后,我发现个个都是“实打实”的宜居典范,展现了新加坡卓越的城市综合设计水平。

5D紧凑型城市框架

我发现通过“5D” 紧凑型城市框架可以很好地诠释新加坡是如何提高宜居水平的:

宜居始于社区——新加坡故事(下篇)

Xueman Wang's picture
上一篇博客中,我介绍了5D框架,并结合新加坡的公共住房社区,例如组屋小镇,讨论了前两个D——密度和多样性。在本文中,我将分享我的观察体会,探讨组屋社区如何反映其他三个D——目的地(Destination)、距离(Distance)和设计(Design)。
 
为了提高目的地通达性,新加坡推行畅行乘车(Walk2Ride)计划,改善社区步道,鼓励居民使用公共交通。这项政府政策确保在地铁站400米(或1/4英里)范围内都建有公共廊道通往公车站点、公共设施和组屋。
 
让人们能“舒适”地“步行”搭乘公共交通只是新加坡为社区做的诸多努力之一,现在新加坡有顶棚的廊道总长度已经达到了200公里
 
为了缩短到达换乘点时间,政府鼓励居民骑行,以解决公共交通的第一英里和最后一英里的连通性问题。作为骑行基础设施的一部分,许多地铁和公交站点都设有多层自行车停放架,使新加坡更加适于骑行。实际上,从2016年7月开始,所有新建学校、商业、零售和企业园区(达到一定规模的)必须制定步行骑行规划,确保公共空间设计充分照顾到步行与骑行需求。
 
Neighborhood bicycle racks
社区自行车停放架。(摄影:王雪漫/世界银行)

让我们探索一下打造这座城市的最后一个“D”城市设计的方方面面。我认为社区是新加坡建设花园里的城市愿景的重要组成部分。虽然新加坡面积不大,但政府付出了巨大的努力为居民打造自然环境。

The green growth crossroads: changing course to fight climate change in Lao PDR

Stephen Danyo's picture

Small, landlocked, and resource-rich Lao PDR has been quietly maintaining its place as one of East Asia and Pacific’s fastest growing economies for nearly 20 years. Since 2000, the average economic growth rate of the country has been nearly 8 percent. This growth has propelled Lao PDR through many positive milestones, including meeting the criteria of Least Developed Country graduation for the first time this year. Meanwhile, poverty declined from 34 percent in 2003, to 23 percent according to most recent data, and incomes for many have risen.

Malaysia Baharu yang Inklusif

Kenneth Simler's picture
Also available in: English
Perjalanan Malaysia menuju ke tahap negara berpendapatan tinggi akan menjadi lebih bermakna jika semua lapisan masyarakat diberi peluang untuk berkongsi dalam kemakmuran negara. Foto: Bank Dunia/Samuel Goh
Sejak 1992, tarikh 17 Oktober telah diiktiraf sebagai Hari Pembasmian Kemiskinan Antarabangsa, atau secara ringkasnya, Hari Basmi Kemiskinan. Pada hari tersebut, dunia membicarakan kemajuan yang telah tercapai serta tindakan selanjutnya bagi mengakhiri kemiskinan.

Justeru, bagi menyambut Hari Basmi Kemiskinan pada tahun ini, Bank Dunia telah menerbitkan laporan Kemiskinan dan Kemakmuran Bersama bertajuk “Piecing Together the Poverty Puzzle”, yang mendokumenkan penurunan dramatik dari aspek kemiskinan ekstrem, yang dicapai dari tahun 1990 hingga 2015. Hanya dalam tempoh 25 tahun, walaupun populasi dunia meningkat daripada 5 kepada 7 billion, peratusan penduduk dunia yang dalam golongan miskin ekstrem menurun daripada 36% kepada 10% (iaitu 736 juta berbanding dengan 1.9 billion sebelumnya).

Inclusiveness in the new Malaysia

Kenneth Simler's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Malaysia’s journey towards becoming a high-income nation will become more meaningful if all Malaysians are given the opportunity to share the benefits of prosperity. Photo: World Bank/Samuel Goh
Since 1992, October 17 has been recognized as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, or more simply, End Poverty Day by the World Bank. It is a day for the world to engage on the progress made and actions needed to end poverty.

To mark this year’s End Poverty Day, the World Bank has released its biennial Poverty and Shared Prosperity Report “Piecing Together the Poverty Puzzle”, which documents the dramatic reduction in extreme poverty achieved from 1990 to 2015. In the span of 25 years, the share of people around the world living in extreme poverty line fell from 36% to 10% (from 1.9 billion to 736 million), despite the global population growing from 5 to 7 billion.

How can the Philippines achieve its ambitious vision of becoming a country free of poverty?

Rong Qian's picture

The Philippines’ economy has been booming since 2010, growing over 6% per year on average. The country is one of the top performers in the East Asia Pacific region, and its impressive economic performance is reflected in the towering skylines, luxurious condos, and huge shopping malls of Makati and Bonifacio Global City, the financial centers of Metro Manila. However, the country still has over 20% of the population living below national and international poverty line. Old jeepneys, the most popular means of transportation, carrying a massive number of commuters to and from expanding swathes of blighted areas portrait perfectly this contrast. My personal observation was quickly confirmed by the graph below.
 

Cởi trói năng lực cạnh tranh: Tại sao lại đầu tư ở nông thôn Việt Nam?

Christine Qiang's picture
Availalbe in: English

Với các nhà đầu tư đang tìm kiếm cơ hội ở Việt Nam, Đồng Tháp chưa hẳn là địa phương đầu tiên họ nghĩ đến. Nằm sâu ở miền Tây Nam Bộ, Đồng Tháp được coi là vùng xa - để lái xe từ sân bay gần nhất đến đó cũng phải mất ba tiếng. Cơ sở hạ tầng giao thông tương đối kém, mà mới gần đây vẫn còn phức tạp do không đủ cầu bắc qua dòng Cửu Long. Đây là địa phương nổi tiếng vì thủ tục hải quan chậm trễ, có thể gây gián đoạn chuỗi cung ứng.

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