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Cởi trói năng lực cạnh tranh: Tại sao lại đầu tư ở nông thôn Việt Nam?

Christine Qiang's picture
Availalbe in: English

Với các nhà đầu tư đang tìm kiếm cơ hội ở Việt Nam, Đồng Tháp chưa hẳn là địa phương đầu tiên họ nghĩ đến. Nằm sâu ở miền Tây Nam Bộ, Đồng Tháp được coi là vùng xa - để lái xe từ sân bay gần nhất đến đó cũng phải mất ba tiếng. Cơ sở hạ tầng giao thông tương đối kém, mà mới gần đây vẫn còn phức tạp do không đủ cầu bắc qua dòng Cửu Long. Đây là địa phương nổi tiếng vì thủ tục hải quan chậm trễ, có thể gây gián đoạn chuỗi cung ứng.

Target: Southeast Asia 4.0

Victoria Kwakwa's picture

Digital lifestyles, cashless societies, app-based businesses, “smart” nations, virtual services – there is a tremendous amount of excitement in Southeast Asia now about the growth of the digital economy.

The region is a hotspot for digital development, and it already leads the world in some indicators, such as Internet and social media use.

Taxing the digital economy in Malaysia: How do we balance growth with sustainability?

Richard Record's picture
As the digital economy gears up to be the new driver of development in Malaysia, tax policy will need to keep pace with the country’s ambitions towards increased digitalization. Photo: bigstock/szefe

Malaysia wants the digital economy to play a central role in the next chapter of the country’s development—that much is clear. However, what may be less clear is why taxation should be part of the policy mix that will help deliver the country’s digital economy ambitions. This is important because taxes raise the cost of doing business rather than reducing it.


Bernard Aritua's picture
Also available in: English
重庆九龙坡集装箱码头。摄影: 李文勇/世界银行


What can African countries learn from China about transport and logistics?

Bernard Aritua's picture
Also available in: 中文
Qiulongpo Port Container Terminal in Chongqing. Photo: Li Wenyong/World Bank

The 2018 Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) held in Beijing concluded on a high note with a pledge of $60 billion of development assistance from China to countries in Africa – together with the $60 billion pledged 3 years ago, it means China is investing $120bn over 6 years in Africa. Most of this assistance is directed at financing infrastructure. Several African leaders were featured on local and international media, and policy makers are no doubt contemplating the various dimensions of the China-Africa relation.


Dipan Bose's picture
Also available in: English

แม้ว่าประเทศไทยมีความก้าวหน้าในการบังคับใช้กฎระเบียบการจราจรและการรักษาพยาบาล แต่อัตราการเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุบนท้องถนนของประเทศไทยนั้นยังอยู่ในระดับสูงและสูงขึ้นอย่างต่อเนื่องนับแต่ พ.ศ. 2552 เป็นต้นมา  ในแต่ละปี ประเทศไทยมีผู้เสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรกว่า 24,000 คน ค่าใช้จ่ายด้านการรักษาพยาบาลผู้ป่วยจากอุบัติเหตุนี้เป็นภาระของประเทศ  สื่อมวลชนได้นำเสนอการสูญเสียทรัพยากรมนุษย์และบุคคลจากอุบัติเหตุอย่างต่อเนื่อง อีกทั้งยังมีองค์กรหลายแห่งที่ออกมารณรงค์หาทางแก้ไขปัญหาที่อยู่ในความสนใจของประชาชนนี้

The economic case for investing in road safety

Dipan Bose's picture
Also available in: ภาษาไทย

Despite considerable progress in traffic enforcement and medical care, the road crash mortality rate in Thailand remains rather high and has been increasing since 2009. More than 24,000 people lose their lives on the road every year, and traffic injuries are a major public health burden for the country. The human toll and individual loss caused by this epidemic are clearly exposed by the media, and many organizations are actively advocating solutions for this important public concern.

Pembaikan pengangkutan bandar untuk meningkatkan mobiliti sosial di Malaysia

Wei San Loh's picture
Also available in: English
Akses kepada pengangkutan adalah penting bagi memperbaik mobiliti sosial dalam kalangan komuniti berpendapatan rendah di Kuala Lumpur, khususnya bagi manfaat penduduk unit kediaman kos rendah. (Foto: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

Sejak beberapa tahun lepas, Malaysia telah mempamerkan perkembangan yang begitu ketara dari aspek peningkatan mobiliti sosial sejajar dengan usahanya untuk mencapai status negara maju. Namun demikian, kejayaan yang diperoleh tidak diterjemahkan dalam bentuk taburan yang saksama dalam kalangan populasi negara. Sebuah kajian oleh Institut Penyelidikan Khazanah pada 2016 telah menunjukkan bahawa 24% kanak-kanak yang lahir daripada ibu bapa berkemahiran rendah di Malaysia berterusan menjadi orang dewasa berkemahiran rendah. Begitu juga halnya dengan 46% kanak-kanak yang lahir daripada ibu bapa dalam kelompok 40% terbawah dari segi agihan pendapatan negara, turut kekal sebagai 40% isu rumah berpendapatan terbawah.

Improving urban transportation for upward social mobility in Malaysia

Wei San Loh's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Melayu
Access to transportation is essential for improving the upward social mobility of low-income communities in Kuala Lumpur, especially residents of low-cost public housing units. (Photo: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

Over the years, Malaysia has demonstrated great improvements in enhancing upward social mobility as the country continues to advance toward becoming a developed nation. However, this success has not been evenly distributed among the population. A 2016 Khazanah Research Institute study found that 24% of children born to low-skilled parents in Malaysia remained low-skilled as adults. Likewise, 46% of children born to parents in the bottom 40% of the national income distribution remained in the bottom 40%.

Turning ‘people problems’ into ‘government problems’: Reflection of an outgoing District Head in Indonesia

Suyoto's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Indonesia
Starting a business which used to be problem faced by citizens of Bojonegoro has now become much easier. Photo: Jerry Kurniawan/World Bank

Challenges with decentralization

Seventeen years ago, Indonesia embarked on its so-called big bang decentralization. Almost overnight, responsibility to deliver many public services was transferred to local governments. This was done, in part, with the hope that the decentralization would make local government more agile and responsive to issues facing local communities. However, results have yet to materialize in many locations.

In my view, a key factor driving poor results is the central government’s approach to regulating local governments. In a decentralized environment, the central government has a legitimate role as a regulator to standardize service delivery or financial management procedures. However, in practice, they have been more focused on controlling inputs and processes, with little attention to accountability for results. This approach results in the proliferation of regulatory constraints and a fearful bureaucracy that make it difficult for local leaders to respond to citizen’s problems.