Syndicate content

East Asia and Pacific

Mengubah ‘disabilitas’ menjadi ‘kemampuan’: kesempatan untuk mensosialisasikan perkembangan inklusi disabilitas di Indonesia

Jian Vun's picture
Also available in: English

Sebelum bergabung dengan Bank Dunia, saya bekerja sebagai perancang kota dan sering memberi saran agar rencana pembangunan lebih mudah diakses bagi penyandang disabilitas. Sayangnya, banyak pengembang cenderung mengenyampingkan kebutuhan mereka karena mengeluarkan biaya tambahan untuk melakukan penambahan desain yang buruk, atau yang lebih parah, membatasi akses untuk orang-orang tertentu.

Kelalaian seperti ini membuat kota menjadi tidak ramah bagi semua lapisan masyarakat termasuk penyandang disabilitas. Bencana dapat memperparah tantangan ini, seperti jalur atau informasi evakuasi yang tidak dapat diakses, tempat penampungan yang tidak sesuai‑rancangan, hilangnya bantuan, dan terbatasnya kesempatan untuk membangun kembali matapencaharian.

Turning ‘disability’ into ‘ability’: opportunities to promote disability inclusive development in Indonesia

Jian Vun's picture
Also available in: Bahasa Indonesia



Before joining the World Bank, I worked as an urban designer and often provided advice on how the design of proposed developments could be more accessible for people with disabilities. Sadly, many developers tend to consider disability inclusion as an afterthought, meaning they incurred additional costs to retrofit poor designs, or worse, inadvertently restricted access for certain people.

Such oversights create cities that are not ‘friendly’ for people of all abilities. Disasters can further exacerbate such challenges, such as through inaccessible evacuation routes or information, poorly­‑designed shelters, loss of assistive aids, and limited opportunities to rebuild livelihoods.

Improving public sector performance through innovation and inter-agency coordination

Bernard Myers's picture
Outside the Prime Minister’s Department in Putrajaya, the federal administrative capital of Malaysia. Malaysia sits at an important juncture in development history and the country’s experience is key in generating insights to improving public sector performance. (Photo: Samuel Goh/World Bank)

Artificial intelligence, big data: Opportunities for enhancing human development in Thailand and beyond

Sutayut Osornprasop's picture

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) and big data can offer untapped opportunities for Thailand. Particularly, it has enormous potential to contribute to Thailand 4.0, a new value-based economic model driven by innovation, technology and creativity that is expected to unlock the country from several economic challenges resulting from past economic development models (agriculture – Thailand 1.0, light industry – Thailand 2.0, and heavy industry – Thailand 3.0), the “middle income trap” and “inequality trap”. One core aspect of Thailand 4.0 puts emphasis on developing new S-curve industries, which includes investing in digital, robotics, and the regional medical hub.

Lessons from Malaysia: Linking government spending to performance

Bernard Myers's picture
Outside the Ministry of Finance of Malaysia where the National Budget Office operates. Malaysia’s experience in ensuring government spending contributes to better public services through reforms like performance-based budgeting is a learning point for other countries. (Photo: Phuong D. Nguyen/bigstock)
Across the world, political leaders have sought to show how public spending contributes to concrete results like better public services, which citizens can experience and benefit from. Coupled with a steadily growing number of channels through which citizens can communicate their “voices,” political leaders are facing increasing pressure to do more with less resources.

In this context, how can civil servants and leaders holding office, particularly the ones who prepare budgets, manage this challenge?

In China’s Taobao villages, e-commerce is one way to bring new jobs and business opportunities to rural areas

Xubei Luo's picture
Also available in: 中文
E-commerce is often perceived as a phenomenon of high-income countries, but the industry’s rapid growth in China demonstrates that the transition from physical to digital commerce does not necessarily demand such high levels of development.
 
China’s worldwide e-commerce transaction value grew from less than 1% a decade ago to over 40% now, exceeding that of France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States combined, according to a McKinsey study. In rural China, the development of e-commerce shows strong signs of clustering. The number of Taobao villages – those significantly engaged in e-commerce with a total annual e-commerce transaction volume of at least RMB 10 million and at least 100 active online shops – has increased from 20 in 2013 to 3,202 in 2018.
 
Distribution of Taobao Villages in China, 2014-2018

在中国的淘宝村,电子商务成为给农村地区带去新就业岗位和商业机会的一条途径

Xubei Luo's picture
Also available in: English
电子商务通常被视为高收入国家的一种现象,但该行业在中国的快速成长表明,实体商务向数字商务的转型未必需要前者如此高的发展水平。
 
麦肯锡全球研究所的研究报告显示,中国电子商务交易额占全球电子商务交易总额的比重从十年前的不到1%增至如今的40%以上,超过了法国、德国、日本、英国以及美国等五国的总和。在中国农村,电子商务的快速发展展现出了显著的集聚迹象。深度开展电子商务、年均电子商务交易总额至少达1000万元且至少拥有100家活跃网店的淘宝村的数量从2013年的20个增加到2018年的3202个。
淘宝村分布图, 2014-2018

Malaysia’s digital future needs faster Internet

Siddhartha Raja's picture
As an early pioneer in the digital economy, Malaysia has many of the building blocks to leapfrog to a new digital future, but the country will need faster Internet to go the next mile. Photo: bigstock/ mast3r
About 20 young women in the eRezeki center in Shah Alam, Malaysia work quietly on their computers as the class proceeds. They are there to learn about how to work online to earn  an income. On banners nearby are vignettes of Malaysians—many from the bottom 40% of the income group, and the primary target group for this program—who have benefited from these opportunities. One businesswoman selling clothes and furniture online since 2013 saw her monthly sales increase ten-fold after learning how to better market her products online.  A retired lecturer learnt about online work opportunities and began performing dispatch services for delivery apps, earning over RM 2,400 (~US$580) a month.

Membantu perempuan miskin mengembangkan usaha mereka melalui tabungan bergerak, pelatihan, dan lainnya?

Mayra Buvinic's picture

Mengembangkan sebuah usaha bukanlah sesuatu yang mudah. Terlebih bagi perempuan yang memiliki suatu usaha, ini merupakan tantangan yang besar, khususnya ketika kondisi mereka miskin dan usahanya hanya cukup memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari. Di negara-negara berkembang, 22 persen perempuan tidak melanjutkan usaha mereka karena tidak adanya dana. Menurut Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, perempuan lebih rentan dibandingkan pria menutup usahanya disebabkan masalah keuangan. Sementara itu, simpanan pribadi merupakan sumber yang penting dalam pendanaan usaha, dan hampir 95 persen pelaku usaha menyatakan bahwa mereka menggunakan dana pribadi untuk memulai atau mengembangkan usaha mereka. Akan tetapi, perempuan menghadapi kendala tersendiri dalam menyisihkan tabungan mereka untuk diinvestasikan guna mengembangkan usaha mereka.

Photo credit: Marijo Silva and the “She Counts” global platform.

Belanjawan 2019 – Langkah Pengimbangan bagi Kerajaan Malaysia Baharu

Firas Raad's picture
Also available in: English
Belanjawan negara terbaru Malaysia memperlihatkan beberapa langkah yang menggalakkan. Cara kerajaan Malaysia mengimbangkan keutamaannya akan menjadi kunci untuk memastikan populasi berpendapatan rendah dapat berpeluang untuk berkongsi dalam faedah hasil pembangunan negara. Foto: Samuel Goh

Belanjawan negara 2019 yang dinanti-nantikan dan yang baru dibentangkan oleh Menteri Kewangan Malaysia, Yang Berhormat Lim Guan Eng pada Jumaat lepas ditampilkan pada ketika Malaysia sedang menempuhi detik-detik mencabar. Dari aspek luar negara, eksport Malaysia kian berdepan hambatan yang semakin meruncing – berbanding rintangan yang diharungi dalam beberapa tahun belakangan – rentetan ketegangan dagangan yang kian mendesak serta pertumbuhan global yang kian muram. Sementara  dari aspek dalam negara pula, besar kemungkinan, penekanan terbaharu untuk mengekang lambakan hutang Kerajaan serta liabiliti yang sedang ditanggung, bakal menyempitkan ruang fiskal dan menghambat kerancakan aktiviti ekonomi susulan pelaburan awam – tidak seperti dahulu. Dalam situasi sebegini, Malaysia terpaksa lebih bergantung pada penggunaan dan pelaburan swasta bagi menyokong pertumbuhan ekonomi pada tahun-tahun mendatang.

Pages