Although it is true that higher education and employment is a common problem across countries, we must remember that appropriate responses are necessarily mostly national and local. We can begin by acknowledging that colleges, universities and schooling systems vary significantly in their structure, resources, and scale. One significant issue facing all systems is the extent of differentiation between sectors and institutions. In the era of mass higher education, an institution's capacity to differentiate itself becomes a major strategic issue especially in the area of employment. As long as the conversation focuses on treating the university as some kind of uniform institution that easily crosses borders, we are really missing the right target. With the possible exception of the most prestigious and recognized research universities, the mass of mainstream higher education institutions should arguably be focused on teaching, experiential learning, professional and vocational preparation for national and local communities. This will only happen with some degree of differentiation and incentives for high quality instruction.