After experiencing and being involved in the policy debates on learning outcomes over a few decades in a developing country, I am convinced that one cannot compare first world contexts and the developing world. However, the first world is a useful place to extrapolate in terms of benchmarks and so on. In developing countries there is a major need to reduce poverty. The children who experience major challenges are those that lack cultural and social capital. As Bowles and Gintis argued some time ago, it is about schools in general reproducing the status quo. The World Bank and other international organisations should insist on universal education with the major thrust on Early Childhood Education. There is an abundance of research that points to the limitations of deprivation in the formative years. Once this problem is resolved in terms of an early intervention, results will undoubtedly improve. Of course there are social evils that militate against progress but the the appropriate support mechanisms, change can come about. The problem is that we all want quick results. There are no quick results in education. In the education of the poor, we are in for the long haul. Schools and funding must compensate for poverty. Its worth it!