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Thanks for sharing. But here is situation in China: Pre-primary education: There is a recent trend of public-private partnership in delivering pre-primary education services, by establishing chain private kindergartens of best public kindergartens. Primary and lower secondary education (Grade 1-9 which is defined as compulsory education by legislation): Almost all the schools are public. There have been a reform of public-private partnership in the 1990s that delegate public schools autonomy for governance, including fee-charging. However, these schools were bought back by the government later, meaning that schools could get resources from the government again, but lost their autonomy, especially for charging tuition and fees. The purpose of the reform is said to ensure access to quality education services free of charge. Upper secondary education (Grade 10-12): this is the stage when students engage in intensive preparation for college entrance examination that tend to involve fierce competition. There are emerging private schools that most serve students with better social-economic status, especially those intending for going abroad for tertiary education. Having said that, there is one exception: Shiyi Secondary School, which was the only public school that retained its autonomy for governance (the only one that survived from the reversal reform of public-private partnership) thanks to insistence of its principal. As a result, it has been able to engage in many accoutability reforms and teaching innovations, such as much more flexible curriclum, learning credit points system instead of fixed class, involving students and parents in school governance, etc. It has now become a model (examplary school) in China and the school itself has started a hot debate on how to deliver education services. You'll see many coverage of the school on media just in these few days. Yan