I like your positive reaction to a meeting withkey stakeholders discussing the future of education in a country like Nigeria. I can imagine the positive feeling one gets from such a meeting. I have experienced it. What I could not see iswhat is coming next to really change the system. Indeed this may be a topic for many future blogs. The bottom line isthat yes, involvement of business leaders, high-level government officials, representatives of successful countries (generally Singapore and Korea by the way), 'motivational speakers', etc., are critical to have a comprehensive discussion on how to get Intelligent Champions. I have seen many of these meetings, and yes, one gets optimistic about the next steps. I remember when Jim Wolfensohn had a meeting with the Minister of Finance of the world to discuss education investment, or multiple cases similar to the meeting in Nigeria where representatives of critical sectors agreed to have national plans to move education ahead; or even international meetings including multi and bi-lateral institutions, UN agencies, governments, CSOs, etc., with similar objectives; and history shows that not much is done afterwards. I am not a pessimistic. Iknow that education indicators (read quantitative targets) have improved, although in some cases the gap between the high-income countries and low-income countries is still increasing. But I am becoming skeptic as I fail to see in many countries the real vision and political commitment that, for example, Singapore and Korea had to move their education systems ahead; and I do not see new international effective mechanisms to support countries that have this vision and commitment. Maybe Nigeria will prove me wrong. I hope so.