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New Publication Discusses Teacher Supply, Training & Management in Anglophone Africa

By Aidan Mulkeen, Education Consultant, Africa Region

ML030S18 World Bank by World Bank Photo Collection.The last two decades have seen a profound change in participation in education in sub-Saharan Africa.  Enrollment in primary education has grown rapidly, there are now more children in school in Africa than at any other time in history, and most African children now enroll in school at some point. 

This remarkable achievement has involved increases in the number of teachers and placed national systems for teacher provision and management under increased stress. Countries have struggled to recruit sufficient qualified teachers, to deploy them to where they are needed, and to provide the management and support structures to ensure that quality education is delivered.

 For many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the challenges of education expansion are changing.  Following the rapid expansion of access to primary education, countries are now striving to complete the drive to universal primary education, consolidate the gains in primary education by improving the quality of learning, and to build on the successes in primary education by expanding access to secondary education. 

As these new priorities emerge, it is an opportune time to review the policies that guide the provision of teachers.  Teacher policy is a complex and multi-faceted area, and often evolves through historical events rather than systematic planning. The World Bank’s new book Teachers in Anglophone Africa: Issues in Teacher Supply, Training, and Management  examines teacher policies and issues in eight cases in Anglophone countries in sub-Saharan Africa.  Based on these case studies, it provides a synthesis of the major issues in teacher supply, deployment, training, management and finance. 

This book is intended to underline the need for careful planning for the provision of teachers. Many of the difficulties in teacher provision can be anticipated and then ameliorated through appropriate policies.  But teacher policies form a complex interconnected system, and policy development should be based on an overview of the issues, as policies to address one difficulty can easily have an adverse impact on another.

 

 

Photo credit: © Curt Carnemark / World Bank 

Comments

Submitted by Daniel Juol Nhomngek on
In most of the least developed countries teaching is seen as a waste of time. This is because the governments here do not put education and all its requirements like providing good and qualified teachers, building enough classrooms and many other needs in education sector. This leaves much to be desired in education. It should be noted that if most African countries would achieve stable democracy they have to put more emphasizes on education. This is because the early childhood approach method can help to mold children into desirable future leaders. It is very interesting when dealing with the school children. The way they behave tells a lot about their future orientation and development in politics. In most cases many children in Africa are taught only two concepts about education. They are taught that education is the only way to acquire wealth and power. This makes children to grow up as power hungry groups and very corrupt. For Africa to achieve good level of economic growth and development, it has to put more emphasizes on educating young people based on correct values.

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