By Roberta Bassett, Tertiary Education Specialist, Human Development Network
The ability of a society to produce, select, adapt, commercialize, and use knowledge is critical for sustained economic growth and improved living standards. As a locus for both knowledge creation and dissemination, tertiary education institutions help countries build globally competitive economies by developing a skilled, productive and flexible labor force and by creating, applying and spreading new ideas and technologies. In middle and low-income countries, tertiary education works to build the institutional capacity that is essential to reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
For that growth to be inclusive, opportunities to access and succeed in higher education must be as equitable as possible. A global study is being undertaken on Equity of Access and Success in Tertiary Education, funded by the government of the Netherlands through the Bank-Netherlands Partnership Program (BNPP).
This work seeks to define appropriate measures of inequalities in tertiary education, and document the scope, significance and consequences of disparities in tertiary education opportunities. The study will expand the understanding of the main determinants of these inequalities, and offer concrete recommendations for effective policies, both monetary and non-financial, directed toward widening participation and improving the chances of success of under-privileged youths.
The main target groups this study focuses on are individuals from lower income groups; groups with a minority status on the basis of their ethnic, linguistic, religious, cultural or age characteristics; women; and people with disabilities. The study recognizes three main dimensions of equity:
- Equity of access to enroll in tertiary education programs and institutions;
- Equity of results, which relates to opportunities to advance in and complete tertiary level studies; and
- Equity of outcomes, which looks at the labor market outcomes of various groups.
To broaden the reach of this work, we have launched a new website to share background information generated thus far and to promote exchange among partners and stakeholders. Find out more and access background materials on the global study at www.worldbank.org/education/tertiary/equity -- featuring an overview by Jamil Salmi, the World Bank's Tertiary Education Coordinator.
We encourage your input and insight, which will help shape the course of our work. Some key questions we we would like to hear your feedback on follow:
1) Do you believe the dialogue on equity in tertiary education should be consistent across countries and regions, or should localized contexts be the main driver for equity considerations? Can there be a unified message on equity in relation to tertiary education?
2) What do you perceive are the most significant equity challenges for tertiary education? In your country/region?
We look forward to hearing your feedback!
Photo credit: © Jamie Martin / World Bank