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Excellent post. I agree that Ceibal should be seen as more than an education project. It is a National inclusion program to the Information Age. The program is usually referred to as the "One laptop per child and per teacher" program in Uruguay, and the emphasis put on enabling teachers is commendable (and necessary!). Additionally, applications relevant to other members of the household (including eGov and general cultural and social content) are being developed. With the "mesh" capabilities of the XO laptops, many households will in fact be connected to the WWW through these devices. Some additional information: according to Miguel Brechner, Director of LATU (main entity in charge of deploying the program), the total cost of ownership of the laptop, including four years of operations and all shared costs of the program, is of $276 per laptop (his presentation is available in Spanish at: http://events.iadb.org/calendar/eventDetail.aspx?lang=es&id=1444). That is, the program is expected to cost approximately US$105 million for the 380,000 laptops. Taking this per-laptop amount, assuming of course all the information provided is well assessed, we could ask ourselves if those "extra" ten years of IT literacy mentioned in your post will generate more than US$276 additional value in the lifetime of these children (of course strictly speaking we should compare them with the IT literacy they would show in 2020 if no Ceibal Plan was rolled out :) )... It is a pity that plans like Ceibal* - with all the profound impact they arguably make on the lives of these children and on society at large - are still subject to a "bold" group "daring" to implement it. Cheers, amk * Please note I'm not advocating for the specific XO/OLPC program, but for ICT in Education programs that go beyond one computer lab per school with 2 hours a week of computing classes.