1. Colleges and Universities' Modern Distance Education for Western and Rural Areas Since 1999, the Ministry of Education has approved 68 common colleges and universities and the Open University of China to carry out experimental work of distant education. Their mission is to develop online degree education and non-degree education, to explore online teaching mode and management system of teaching and to establish online resources, etc. By the end of 2010, online degree and non-degree education of the experimental colleges and universities have benefited tens of millions of people and preliminarily built up teaching, management and service mode of distant further education and systems of policy and supervision, which become important examples of diversified, lifelong, online and open further education. The experimental colleges and universities established more than ten thousand of learning and teaching centers in urban and rural areas all over China and brought quality resources of higher further education to rural areas, western areas, communities, companies, army and some special groups including the disabled. 2. The Open University of China's "One Village One College Student" Project Since 1999, the Ministry of Education has started "One Village One College Student" Project which was carried out by the Open University of China. The project spread higher education to rural areas through modern distant education and trained technical and management personnel for rural areas who could be leaders of promoting economic and agricultural production, making fortunes by technology and developing advanced culture, so as to increase farmers' income and promote social and economic development in rural areas. The project has built up special website and platform, offered 16 vocational major including agricultural technique, farming and veterinary, Agricultural and Forestry management. There are 37 provincial open universities and their 582 teaching centers attending the experiment. 276,000 people from towns and villages were enrolled and 93,000 students graduated , many of who became local leaders on making fortunes. 3. Tsinghua University's Distance Education for Poverty Alleviation With the concept of "Education Serves Society", School of Further Education in Tsinghua University started to work on Poverty Alleviation through education in 2003. This project has built 1972 modern distant teaching centers which covered 495 counties ( 283 of which is key counties in national poverty alleviation and development tasks), trained 650,000 people in poor areas including teachers, officers, farmers, provided more than 2000 hours free training courses including distant and face-to-face teaching and organized many activities such as "Summer Social Practice on Educational Poverty Alleviation", "School Principles' Training ", etc. In the following years, Tsinghua University planned to cover 592 key counties in national poverty alleviation and development tasks and historic sites where Chinese communist revolution ever happened and spread the theme of activities as well, such as "Build New Socialist Countryside", "Population and Health", etc. 4. The Ministry of Education decided to carry out "Campus Interconnectivity" project in elementary and secondary school all over China in 2002 which aimed to make nearly 90% of independently established elementary and secondary schools access to internet in 5 to 10 years, so as to share educational resources among teachers and students, to improve educational quality and to provides opportunities of further education for teachers. Modern distant education project, which started in elementary and secondary schools rural from 2003, is a experimental project on teaching methods. It took three ways to spread quality educational resources to rural area which included centers for playing CDs of teaching, receiving satellite signals of teaching and computer classrooms. The project was arranged as a Whole by provincial government and subsidized by central government based on local social and economic development. 5. "National Modern Distant Vocational Education Resources Development" project has developed more than 130 high-level online courses of vocational education, built 10 bases of National Modern Distant Vocational Education Resources Development, formed a group of High-quality personals on research and development of vocational education resources, opened "China's Vocational and Adult Education" website and 20 provincial vocational websites which became platform for collecting, releasing and sharing information. 6. In the beginning of 2003, Communist Party of China Central Committee decided to carry out experiment on modern distant education for party member officials in rural areas in some provinces. In the beginning of 2007, Party Central Committee concluded experimental experience and decided to carry out the project in rural areas all over China. The 17th Party congress wrote in the report "carry out modern distant education for party member officials in rural areas all over China ". On July 4 in 2007, Communist Party of China Central Committee printed "Opinions on carrying out modern distant education for party member officials in rural areas all over China" which asked to build teaching platform, terminal station, teaching resources, high-quality teams and working systems. 7. National Teacher Education Network Alliance aims at build network systems on teacher education whose main members are normal colleges and universities and common colleges and universities that value teacher education. Universities' Agricultural Science and Education Network Alliance which wasbuilt in November in 2003 was a comprehensive service system of educational training and technology promotion for rural areas. It was led by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Agriculture and aimed to build a platform of collecting and sharing agricultural information technology with the help of universities.