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Environment

Solar Irrigation Pumps: A New Way of Agriculture in Bangladesh

Mehrin Ahmed Mahbub's picture
Solar Irrigation Pumps in Bangladesh
Habibur shares a content smile as he tends to his rice field. Photo Credit: World Bank


On a recent field trip to northern Bangladesh, the smiles of Habibur, a young man working in a rice field under the scotching sun caught my attention. Habibur, 28, looked content amidst the wide green vista of fields.  
I learned that his life had not been easy. His father died when Habibur was around four years old, and the family had no land. His young widowed mother started working as a day laborer to raise her only child. Habibur began working too in his mid-teens. Mother and son struggled, but they managed to save some money.  They first bought a cow, and later Habibur leased land for rice cultivation. This is a common practice in rural Bangladesh, where the yield is divided between the farmer and the owner of the land.

インド:防災面で広がる女性の役割

Malini Nambiar's picture
Also available in: English
Women community leaders
女性コミュニティーのリーダー達。 写真: World Bank


【概要】

3月8日は国際女性の日だ。インドにおいて女性は伝統的に家庭を守る立場であることから、防災面での役割は見過ごされてきた。しかし、インドの沿岸地域を バスで巡り、各地の防災プロジェクトを支援する「強靭性構築への道(Road to Resilience)」プログラムを通じ、防災面でいかに女性がリーダー的役割を果たしているかが見えてきた。

これは、世界銀行と防災グローバル・ファシリティ(GFDRR)が支援する、インド沿岸部地域の脆弱性改善と防災対策を目的とした、国立サイクロンリスク軽減プログラムと沿岸災害リスク軽減プログラムの成果のひとつである。

しかし、女性は家庭内役割を担うべきという見方がまだ根強く、女性の能力を生かすことは難しいのが実情だ。この旅を通じて、女性を意思決定に巻き込むことが、個人の災害対応力育成につながるだけではなく、女性の力を活かした地域全体の防災力向上につながると考えている。

 
Road2Resilienceプログラム: 復興への道 (英語) 

The growing role of women in disaster risk management

Malini Nambiar's picture
Also available in: 日本語
Women Community Leaders
Women community leaders. Photo Credit: World Bank


Women are seen in their traditional role of home-makers, but might their ability to take on managerial roles in disaster risk management be underestimated?
 
As part of the India Disaster Risk Management team, I travelled on the “Road2Resilience” bus journey along the entire coast of India. Along with the team’s mission to provide implementation support to the six coastal disaster management projects, I also focused on women’s participation in the mitigation activities of these projects.
 
Women’s participation in Disaster Risk Management in India has been sporadic. However, my interactions with the community - especially women - highlighted how women in coastal India are seriously taking disaster risk management into their own hands.

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