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Twitter chat: Economic benefits of environment management in Sri Lanka

Ralph van Doorn's picture

Join us for #SLDU2017: Economic Benefits of Environment Management. This Twitter chat will be hosted by World Bank South Asia

What’s happening?

Join us for #SLDU2017: Economic Benefits of Environment Management. This Twitter chat will be hosted by World Bank South Asia (@WorldBankSAsia) in collaboration with the Institute for Policy Studies IPS (@TalkEconomicsSL).
 
When is it?
August 21, 2017 from 5.30 – 7.30 pm
 
Unpacking #SLDU2017
The chat will explore the findings of the Sri Lanka Development Update (SLDU), published this June.
 
I look forward to engaging with you together with a panel from different areas of expertise.
 
We’ll be discussing priority reforms with a focus on how Sri Lanka can better manage both its business and natural environment to bolster economic growth and sustain development.
 
In recent years, natural disasters have left parts of this island nation devastated, exacting a significant economic, fiscal and social toll. The SLDU identifies other challenges as well, pressing the case for fiscal consolidation, a new growth model, improved governance and programs to buffer against risk.
 
The latest update cautions against adopting piecemeal solutions, noting that the challenges facing the island nation are inter-linked and require a comprehensive and coordinated reform approach.
 
In the end, we also hope this Twitter chat will allow us to learn from you as we begin our preparations for the next SLDU.
 
How can you participate?
Never taken part in a Twitter chat before? It’s simple. Just think of this as an online Q&A. @WorldBankSAsia will moderate the discussion, posing questions to panellists. You are encouraged to join in too! Follow along, retweet and engage. If you have a question, simply tweet it out using the hashtag #SLDU2017. We’ll see it and try to get you some answers.

Collecting primary data in Afghanistan: Daunting but doable

Tommaso Rooms's picture
Also available in: دری | پښتو

Afghanistan is not exactly an easy place to undertake a rigorous study on the ease of doing business. And collecting primary data for a micro-based study in Kabul and several Afghan provinces can be a daunting task. Just how daunting is underscored by the fact that the country conducted its most recent census almost 40 years ago, in 1979. Vast tracts of the country remain unsafe and many of its provinces are inaccessible.
 
Despite the security challenges, our experience from the recently launched Subnational Doing Business in Afghanistan report shows that the barriers to collecting micro data are not insurmountable. The data and related findings can help guide business reforms toward the kind of smart regulations that are imperative for attracting private sector investment to the capital city and beyond. A regulatory environment that enables private enterprise, especially small and medium firms, to function and be creative boosts job creation and is, therefore, good for the economy.

The report, the first of its kind in Afghanistan, benchmarks Kabul and the provinces of Balkh, Herat, Kandahar and Nangarhar across four Doing Business indicators: Starting a Business, Dealing with Construction Permits, Getting Electricity and Registering Property.

The key takeways?
  • Kabul leads in two of the areas measured, Starting a Business and Getting Electricity. Kandahar ranks first in Dealing with Construction Permits and Registering Property, while Balkh comes in second in all four areas measured by the report.
     
  • Regulatory quality and efficiency vary considerably among the five locations. Rolling out reforms already implemented in Kabul across all of Afghanistan would improve the business environment for entrepreneurs in the provinces.
     
  • By adopting all the good practices, Afghanistan could move up 11 places in the global Doing Business ranking, to 172.

چالشها و دشواری های موجود را هنگام جمع آوری ارقام و معلومات ابتدایی در افغانستان میتوان مهار کرد

Tommaso Rooms's picture
Also available in: English | پښتو

مطالعه و راه اندازی یک تحقیق همه جانبه پیرامون انجام تجارت و کسب و کار در کشوری مثل افغانستان، بدون شک عاری از چالش و دشواری نیست. جمع آوری معلومات ابتدایی به منظور مطالعه مقایسوی مقررات تجارتی و چگونگی تطبیق آن در کابل و فراتر از آن در چهار ولایت دیگر در شرایط کنونی بسیار مشکل است. افغانستان حدود ۴۰ سال قبل یعنی در سال ۱۹۷۹ مطالعه را در خصوص مقررات تجارتی انجام داده بود ولی از انزمان به بعد بنابر نا امنی ها دسترسی به بسیاری ولایات به منظور انجام همچو یک تحقیق ناممکن بود.
 
علی الرغم دشواریهای موجود امنیتی، تجارب ما از تهیه و نشر گزارش تازۀ  انجام تجارت در افغانستان۲۰۱۷ بیانگر آنست که جمع آوری ارقام و معلومات ابتدایی یک امر دشوار، اما ممکن است. این معلومات و یافته های مرتبط آن می توانند یک رهنمود جامع به منظور اصلاح مقررات تجارتی و ایجاد یک محیط مناسب برای جذب سرمایه گذاری سکتور خصوصی در کابل و سایر ولایات گردد. بهبود فضای مقررات تجارتی یک فاکتور عمده به منظور تشویق تشبثات کوچک و متوسط محسوب میشود که ابتکار عمل آنان را در راستای ایجاد زمینه های شغلی و رفای اقتصادی مورد حمایت قرار میدهد.
 
انجام تجارت در افغانستان اولین گزارش تحقیقاتی در سطح ولایات است که اینبار مقررات تجارتی را برعلاوه شهر کابل، در ولایات بلخ، هرات، کندهار و ننگرهار نیز مورد مطلعه قرار میدهد که در آن شاخص های انجام تجارت که عبارت اند از: آغاز تجارت ( کسب جواز کار)، اخذ مجوز ساختمان، توزیع لین برق و ثبت ملکیت مورد بررسی قرار میگیرد.
 
نقاط کلیدی:
 
  • کابل در دو بخش این مطالعه، آغاز تجارت و اخذ لین برق، پیشتاز شناخته شده است. با اینحال، کندهار در اخذ جواز ساختمانی و ثبت ملکیت ها مقام اول دارد، درحالیکه ولایت بلخ در تمامی این چهار ساحات مورد مطالعه این گزارش تحقیقی، در جایگاه دوم  قرار دارد.
  • کیفیت و موثریت تنظیم مقررات در میان این پنج ولایت بطور قابل ملاحظۀ متفاوت می باشد. پروسه اصلاحات از قبل در کابل آغاز و تطبیق گردیده است، بنابرین با گسترش آن در تمامی ولایات افغانستان سبب بهبود محیط تجارت و سرمایه گذاری برای متشبثین در آن ولایات نیز خواهد گردید.
  • با اتخاذ تمامی این کار شیوه های مناسب و اصلاح مقررات تجارتی، توقع میرود که افغانستان در رده بندی جهانی انجام تجارت، ۱۱ پله صعود نماید و به مقام ۱۷۲ نایل آید.

په افغانستان کې د لومړنیو معلوماتو او شمېرو د راټولولو په وخت کې ننګوونې او ستونزې مهار کیدلی شی

Tommaso Rooms's picture
Also available in: English | دری

د افغانستان په څیر یوه هېواد کې د سوداګرۍ او کسب او کار په اړه د هر اړخیزې څېړنې تر سره کول، پرته له شکه، چې له خنډونو او ستونزو سره مل وي. په اوسنیو شرایطو کې په کابل او د هېواد په څلورو نورو ولایتونو کې د سوداګریزو مقرراتو د پرتلیزې څېړنې او د هغوۍ د تنفیذ د ډول په اړه د لومړنیو معلوماتو را ټولول یو ډېر ستونزمن کار ګڼل کېږي. افغانستان ۴۰ کاله وړاندې، یعنې په ۱۹۷۹ ز کال کې د سوداګریزو مقرراتو په اړه څېړنه تر سره کړې وه، چې له هغه را وروسته د ناامنیو له کبله د داسې یوې څېړنې تر سره کول زیاتره ولایتونو ته د لاسرسي نه لرلو له کبله ناشوني وه.
 
د اوسنیو امنیتي ستونزو سره سره ، په ۲۰۱۷ کال کې په افغانستان کې د سوداګرۍ د تر سره کولو د وروستي رپوټ له چمتو کولو او خپرولو څخه زموږ تجربې د دې ښکارندوی دي، چې د لومړنیو شمېرو او معلوماتو راټولول یو ستونزمن کار، خو شونی ده. دغه معلومات او د هغه اړوند موندنې کولای شي د سوداګریزو مقرراتو د اصلاح او په کابل او نورو ولایتونو کې د خصوصي سکتور د پانګې اچونې د جذب لپاره د یوه وړ چاپیریال د رامنځته کولو لپاره پیاوړی بشپړ لارښود وبلل شي. د سوداګریزو مقرراتو د چاپیریال ښه والی د کوچنیو او منځنیو تشبثاتو د هڅوونې لپاره یو ستر هڅوونکۍ لامل بلل کېدای شي، چې د شغلي  فرصتونو او اقتصادي سوکالۍ د رامنځته کولو په برخه کې د هغوی له مبتکرانه عمل سره مرسته کوي.
 
په افغانستان کې د سوداګرۍ ترسره کول د ولایتونو په کچه لومړنی څېړنیز رپوټ دی ،چې دا ځل یې سوداګریز مقررات د کابل ښار برسیره، په بلخ، هرات، کندهار او ننګرهار کې هم تر څېړنې لاندې نیولي، چې په هغو کې د سوداګرۍ د تر سره کولو شاخصونه، چې عبارت دې له: د سوداګرۍ پیلول (د کار د جواز اخیستل)، د ودانیزو چارو د جواز اخیستل، د برېښنا د لین وېش او د ملکیت ثبت تر غور او څېړنې لاندې نیول کېږي.
 
مهم ټکي:
 
  • کابل د همدې څېړنې په دوو برخو کې مخکښ پیژندل شوی، چې هغه عبارت دې له: د سوداګرۍ پیلول او د برېښنا د لین اخیستل. په داسې حال کې، چې کندهار د ودانیزو چارو د جواز په اخیستلو او د ملکیتونو د ثبت په برخه کې لومړی مقام لري او د بلخ ولایت بیا په همدغو څلورو برخو کې په دویم ځای کې راځي.
  • په دغو پنځو ولایتونو کې د مقرراتو د تنظیم کیفیت او اغیزمنتیا خورا ډېر توپیر سره لري. د اصلاحاتو بهیر له پخوا نه په کابل کې پیل او تطبیق شوی دی، له همدې کبله د افغانستان په ټولو ولایتونو کې د هغو په پراختیا سره به په همدې ولایتونو کې د سوداګرۍ د چاپیریال او د متشبثینو لپاره د پانګې اچونې د ښه والي سبب وګرځي.
  • د دې ټولو ښو کاري کړنلارو په تر لاس لاندې نیولو او د سوداګرۍ د مقرراتو په اصلاح سره، هیله کېږي، چې افغانستان د سوداګرۍ د ترسره کولو په نړیواله ډلبندی کې، ۱۱ پټې پورته ولاړ شي او ۱۷۲ ځایګی خپل کړي. 

Our commitment to the people of Afghanistan stays strong

Annette Dixon's picture
Also available in: دری | پښتو
Despite government efforts with support from the international community, Afghanistan's development needs remain massive. Photo Credit: Rumi Consultancy/ World Bank

I am still shaken and saddened by the many lives lost to the attacks in Kabul two weeks ago and since then there has been more violence. As we grieve these tragedies, now is the time to stand strong with the people of Afghanistan and renew our commitment to build a peaceful and prosperous country.

To that end, we announced this week a new financing package of more than half-a-billion dollars to help Afghanistan through its struggle to end poverty, increase opportunity to help stabilize the country, and ensure all its citizens can access basic services during a time of economic uncertainty.

Afghanistan has come a long way since 2001 and achieved much progress under extremely challenging circumstances. Life expectancy has increased from 44 to 60 years, maternal mortality has decreased by more than three quarters and the country now boasts 18 million mobile phone subscribers, up from almost none in 2001.

Yet, the development needs in Afghanistan remain massive. Nearly 40 percent of Afghans live in poverty and almost 70 percent of the population are illiterate. The country needs to create new jobs for about 400,000 people entering the labor market each year. The situation is made more challenging by the return of around 5.8 million refugees and 1.2 million internally displaced people.

Our new support is in line with our belief that Afghanistan’s economic and social progress can also help it address security challenges.  Our financing package meets the pressing needs of returning refugees, expands private-sector opportunities for the poor, boosts the development of five cities, expands electrification, improves food security, and builds rural roads.

Good luck and good policies

Frederico Gil Sander's picture

In Brazil, where I come from, we are crazy about football, so I grew up listening to football matches. At the end of a match, the reporters would interview the main scorer of the day, who would often say that he was just lucky to receive the ball at the right place.
 
The commentator would then say that “good luck is a combination of ability and opportunity”. This story comes to mind when thinking of India’s economy over the past two years.
 
India has been lucky indeed. In the fiscal year ending March 2016 (FY16), the sharp decline in oil prices generated what economists call a positive “terms-of-trade” shock, which lifted growth.
 
A terms-of-trade shock means that the things you buy suddenly become cheaper relative to the things you sell, allowing you to buy more things.


 
In the fiscal year that just ended, CSO data that was released recently shows that the good monsoons helped agriculture propel growth. Notwithstanding disruption from demonetization, agricultural wages have continued to grow, along with their purchasing power as rural inflation declined.

But India has also implemented good policies, which allowed it to take advantage of the external shocks. The government took advantage of declining oil prices to eliminate fuel subsidies and hike taxes on carbon-emitting petroleum products, a win for the environment and a win for the exchequer.

Agriculture: An opportunity for better jobs for Afghanistan’s youth

Izabela Leao's picture
Also available in: دری | پښتو

 

Pashtuna, a poultry farmer and beneficiary of the National Horticulture and Livestock Project. Credit: Izabela Leao / World Bank

“I was a completely broken person before, a person who was not able to confront the hardship of life,” says Pashtuna, a 32-year-old poultry farmer who lives in the Herat province with her husband and five children.

A beneficiary of the National Horticulture and Livestock Project  she decided to attend the Farmers Field School. Upon completion of her training, she received 100 laying hens and access to equipment, feed, and animal vaccines. Pashtuna was able to maintain 80 laying hens and generated a AFN 560 income, half of which she kept to buy poultry food. “Thanks to the poultry farm and the grace of God, I can afford my life and I have a bright vision for my family future,” she says. 

Revitalizing agriculture and creating agriculture jobs is a priority for the Government of Afghanistan and the World Bank Group as the sector can play an important role in reducing poverty and sustaining inclusive growth.

Until the late 1970s, Afghanistan was one of the world’s top producer of horticultural products and supplied 20 percent of the raisins on the global market. The country held a dominant position in pistachio and dried fruit production, and exported livestock and wool products to regional markets.

Unfortunately, decades of conflict destroyed much of Afghanistan’s agricultural infrastructure. The last fifteen years, however, have witnessed positive and inspiring changes in the lives of Afghan farmers, such as Pashtuna.

While focusing on rebuilding infrastructure, reorganizing farming communities and identifying vulnerabilities and opportunities, the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) has brought new ideas and innovations to the agriculture sector in Afghanistan.

“Over the past five years, important changes in the practice and direction of agriculture have demanded greater expectation on performance and responsiveness of our Ministry, as well as other institutions of the government,” explains Assadullah Zamir, Afghanistan’s Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock. “And the demand by women and men farmers, who have discovered the potential of improved methods of growing fruits and vegetables and producing livestock, has been recasting the relationships between MAIL and our clients, the farmers.”

په افغانستان کې د نړیوال بانک د بیا همکاریو د پیل د پنځلسمې کالیزې نمانځنه

Raouf Zia's picture
Also available in: English | دری




نړیوال بانک په افغانستان کې خپل فعالیتونه پر ۱۹۷۹ میلادی کال د پخواني شوروي اتحاد له یرغل څخه وروسته و ځندول. ددې ادارې فعالیتونه د ۲۰۰۲ میلادي کال د می په میاشت کې د افغانانو له ضروري اړتیاوو څخه د ملاتړ او ددې هېواد له دولت سره ددې هېواد اتباعوته د خدمتونو د برابرولو له پاره د پیاوړو او ځواب ویونکو بنسټونو د رامینځته کولو په منظور بیاپیل شول.

د می میاشت په کابل کې د نړیوال بانک د فعالیتونو د بیا پیل له نمانځنې سره سمون لري چې په ۲۰۰۲ کال کې وروسته له ډیر ځنډ څخه دفتر پرانیستل شو. د نړیوال بانک له ۱۵ لاسته راوړنو او مهمو فعالیتونو سره په تیرو ۱۵ کلونو کې آشنا شۍ.

تجلیل از پانزدهمین سالگرد اغاز مجدد همکاری های بانک جهانی درافغانستان

Raouf Zia's picture
Also available in: English | پښتو




بانک جهانی فعالتیهای خویش را در افغانستان در سال ۱۹۷۹ میلادی پس از تهاجم شوروی سابق به تعلیق در اورد. فعالیتهای این اداره در ماه می سال ۲۰۰۲ میلادی بمنظور حمایت از نیازمندی های ضروری افغانها و کمک به دولت این کشور در راستای ایجاد نهاد های قوی و پاسخگو غرض فراهم اوری خدمات به شهرواندان این کشور مجددا اغاز گردید.

ماه می مصادف به بزرگداشت از پانزدهمین سالگرد از سرگیری فعالیت های دفتربانک جهانی در کابل در سال ۲۰۰۲ میباشد. با ۱۵ دست آورد و فعالیت کلیدی بانک جهانی در ۱۵ سال گذشته آشنا شوید.

Celebrating 15 Years of reengagement in Afghanistan

Raouf Zia's picture
Also available in: دری | پښتو




Shortly after the Soviet invasion in 1979, the World Bank suspended its operations in Afghanistan. Work resumed in May 2002 to help meet the immediate needs of the poorest people and assist the government in building strong and accountable institutions to deliver services to its citizens.

As we mark the reopening of the World Bank office in Kabul 15 years ago, here are 15 highlights of our engagement in the country:

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