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Submitted by v.sriharsha on
To Ms Eliana Cardoso: Perhaps, you have identified only half the problem to a gigantic problem in South Asia. The problems are more complex and vicious. Yes, jobs are the need of the hour but what about creation of jobs in a region where poverty levels are high and acute. There is a need for infrasturcture strengthening, more developmental activity and the need to tap vast irrigation potential. With majority of the states dependent on agriculture, the need for rural infrastructure is key for all-round growth and job creation in this region. Unlike in the developed countries, where the infrastructure is more or less in private hands, here the State has control over job creation, with host of conditions like reservation of jobs on the basis of communities, religion and other caste configurations. This is where the crux of the problem lies. If in India the private sector goes for cream of the human resource in recruitments, the Government puts spokes by insisting on recruiting manpower based on their caste backwardness and social ladder in society. Perhaps this must be the case in most of the troubled zones in Asia where the majority-minority imbalances stagnate job creation and opportunities. Added to the abject levels of poverty, the frequent disturbances, internal and external, leave a permanent scar on develipment process and declerates growth by some decades. If natural calamities like drought and floods are one reason for failure to provide sustainable growth and job creation, the perennial conflict between the haves and have-nots on other fronts have robbed the region of putting its best foot forward. Pakistan, Bangladeshm, Nepal and Maldives are the four countries where the scope for providing jobs is next to impossible with their per captia income is at its abysmal low.India, the only sleeping Asian giant is slowly trying to shed its lethargy and make a mark in the international market, giving some sleepless ngihts to China. For that matter, even China cannot be considered as a country which has succeeded in creating jobs totally. There are high levels of unemployment but mercifully, it does not face neither an internal unrest nor any outside threat giving it ample scope to tackle the problem in the near future. Private enterise coupled with State help can arrest this growing unemployment in the region. A judicious mix is what is required now. V.Sriharsha New Delhi