In order for any tuition scheme to work out I believe the tuition racket needs to be addressed where it seems that teachers give minimal effort in school classes almost forcing children to pay and attend the teachers' private tuition classes. Though there may be many earnest teachers giving private coaching there needs to be stronger incentives, be they financial and/or moral, to keep even honest teachers on the right track. Somehow going beyond competion between tuition programs and fostering some healthy competition between schools or between schools and the tuition programs may prevent some of this from happening. As far as education beyond primary school is concerned, I believe that things like reservation also need to be taken into account. Widening the door of opportunity is wonderful for those historically marginalized but it does take its toll on the higher education system, the job market and eventually national infrastructure. And increasing reservation seems to be a growing trend in politics over recent years. At this point I am not advocating an end to reservation but pointing out the need to address its specific needs in education. Personally I have been involved in one such school that I believe is effective in preparing such children for higher education, giving underprivileged children not only the knowledge but confidence they need to succeed in a mixed caste world (http://www.asha-deep.com). It is apparent that teachers at this school have an inherent moral drive to give the children an education that will help them succeed in life. Can this be replicated in other schools? As you said, the battle is all uphill.