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My Wish Came True: Innovation in Sri Lankan Universities

Saori Imaizumi's picture

galle-Just before participating in the mid-term review mission of Higher Education for the Twenty-First Century (HETC) project in Sri Lanka in mid-February, 2014, I went to Galle, a southern fort city in Sri Lanka, for a day. Galle has been used as a trading port around the 14th century and later occupied by the Portuguese, Dutch, and British who developed Galle as a fort city. Walking around the city, I witnessed various relics from the colonial age, which made me want to learn more about their histories. Since there was no audio guide available, I wished there was a smart phone application explaining these historical buildings. 

Unexpectedly, during the mission, I found such a mobile application being developed by University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC)’s modeling and simulation group through a research and commercialization grant awarded by the HETC project. I became really excited about their project as my little wish in Galle just became true in less than a week.

HETC aims for enhancing the capacity of the higher education system institutions and human resources to delivery quality higher education services in line with equitable social and economic development needs. The project consists of four components: (i) Institutionalize norms for the higher education sector through developing Sri Lanka Qualification Framework (SLQF) and establishing a quality assurance system for the higher education sector, (ii) Promote relevance and quality of teaching and learning through providing two competitive and non-competitive grants to universities, (iii) Strengthen alternative higher education, through modernizing Sri Lanka Institute for Advanced Technological Education (SLIATE) and promoting regional equity of access to alternative higher education, and (iv) Human resource development, M&E, studies, and coordination and communication.

UCSC was one of the 11 winners for the forth window of the Quality and Innovation Grants (QIG), which awards $10 million Sri Lankan Rupees (about US$77,000) to competitively and strategically selected study programs of universities under the component two of the project. The grant aims to improve universities’ program and support commercialization and dissemination of research. Selected universities implement their proposed activities in 3 years.
 
UCSC has been conducting research on multi domain (including 2D and 3D) simulation especially on vessel management and handling and winning various national and international awards. Applying this existing technology to a tourism industry, a mobile application project called “Virtual Eye” has started. This application captures 3D images of Galle (selected as the first pilot site) and allows users to look at the simulation images with archeological and historical information of relics and sites from various colonial ages.  The application will also include some touristic information, including restaurants and shops around the area. The project has just started and the team aims to finish developing this application within a year.

Innovation often takes place through interaction among people from different background and disciplines. The “Virtual Eye” project is not an exception. A team from UCSC shared a story on how the project has started. In order to expose their research and create a collaboration opportunity with other sectors, UCSC held an exhibition and invited various firms and government sectors. Ministry of Tourism and the department of archeology of University of Colombo were among one of them started talking to the UCSC team to brainstorm ideas on possible applications of the simulation technology to a tourism sector. Further conversations led to a “Virtual Eye” mobile application project. This project is partially funded by the Ministry of Tourism and the UCSC team will have access to archeological information from museums to develop a simulation. One of the team members said that she did not expect that their simulation technology could have been used for tourism and she look forward to exploring such innovative collaboration opportunities for the future.
 
Like other parts of the world, realizing commercialization of research through universities-industry-government partnership is easier said than done as all these parties speak different languages and have different incentives. In the case of “Virtual Eye” project, government-university relation was created through finding a shared goal aligning with each party’s interest. Yet, commercialization of the product is a next challenge. UCSC team mentioned that the majority of the faculties and students are interested in research and do not have much idea on business development and formation of the company. Regulations around intellectual property  (IP) rights and ownership rights for the university’s research commercialization activities are also at the nascent stage.
 
Moving forward, the World Bank team will support universities to commercialize their research more effectively through connecting them with business development experts and facilitating policy dialogue on Intellectual Property Policy for universities.
 
HETC project’s QIG developed a foundation for the universities to foster research and commercialization activities.  Although this is just a beginning of Sri Lanka’s innovation eco-system development, I hope to see a “Virtual Eye” application on my phone when I visit Sri Lanka next time and see other innovations coming out from the universities. 

Photos courtesy of Saori Imaizumi and Dilinika Peiris of the World Bank