To associate a gun shot with foul play seems logical. But that’s not necessarily the case in Guldara, a district nearly 40 kilometers outside of Kabul City in Afghanistan.
from the Guldara river. The Guldara river is both a blessing and a curse for the local communities.
. It is also a threat to life and assets. In March 2017, when the mountain snow melted, heavy floods killed two children and washed away the only road that connects the city with Kabul.
, including its irrigation and drainage systems.
Residents claim that early warning systems are non-existent and no emergency recovery plans or services are in place if a disaster strikes.
and manage disaster risks smarter.
To support these efforts, the World Bank together with experienced Afghan staff and international partners conducted risk surveys using available technology, such as social media and phone interviews, as well as community focus group discussions involving Community Development Council (CDC) members, to gather preliminary community risk profile information.
This approach was complemented with community hazard mapping using two open source mobile apps OpenCamera and MyTracks.
Data was later incorporated into a hazard map (see Figure 2) created using an open source Geographical Information System (GIS) called Quantum GIS—or better known as QGIS—that identifies the potential hazards faced by the local community.
(DRR) measures designed to mitigate the effects of specific natural hazards. (See Table 1).
Hence, women expressed different needs and DRR priorities. Below are a few of the mitigation measures, disaggregated by gender, proposed by the community:
- Female community member recommendations women’s’ micro-finance, woman-focused Disaster Risk Management (DRM) training, and community loan facilities.
- Male community member recommendations a micro hydro project and a deep well for irrigation.
- Recommendations from both male and female community members included a protection wall for the river, a food storage facility to ensure security, a reservoir and a canal intake to deal with the increasing drought.
Citizen Charter Afghanistan Program Project (CCAP).
The World Bank with support from the Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)— also supported two other communities within the scope of this pilot activity, and is now working with these three communities to prioritize and implement eligible DRR activities to complete the community-based DRM value chain shown in Figure 3.
The community-based DRM value chain links community selection, engagement and participation through to design, funding, implementation, and monitoring. . If the chain stops at any given stage, there is limited value. to transform fragility into resilience, especially in remote or inaccessible communities.
Leveraging opportunities made possible by available technology and the role that women can play in DRM, together with the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA), other related government ministries and development partners, including United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (UNOCHA), .