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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Jeta në margjina: përvoja e personave LGBTI në Evropën Juglindore

Linda Van Gelder's picture
Also available in: English | Bosanski | Русский


Në Bankën Botërore, e dimë se përfshirja sociale nuk është vetëm gjëja e duhur, por edhe ekonomikisht gjëja më e mençur për ta bërë. Shoqëritë më përfshirëse kanë më shumë gjasa që ta shfrytëzojnë më së miri kapitalin njerëzor. Qytetet më të hapura dhe më përfshirëse kanë më shumë gjasa për ta tërhequr kapitalin dhe talentin ndërkombëtar. Shtetet më të hapura dhe më përfshirëse janë destinacione më tërheqëse për turistët ndërkombëtarë.

2,300 persona LGBTI nga Shqipëria, Bosnja dhe Hercegovina, Kroacia, Kosova, Ish Republika Jugosllave e Maqedonisë, Mali i Zi dhe Sllovenia i ndanë përvojat e tyre në anketën më të madh ndonjëherë të pakicave seksuale dhe gjinore në rajon. Raporti i hulumtimit “Jeta në margjina: Rezultatet e anketës lidhur me përvojat e personave LGBTI në Evropën Juglindore” ofron një përshkrim të hollësishëm të përgjigjeve dhe tregon një histori të diskriminimit, të përjashtimit dhe të dhunës.

Može li zapošljavanje putem privatnih agencija pomoći na rješavanju izazova nezaposlenosti u Bosni i Hercegovini?

Josefina Posadas's picture
Also available in: English
Employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina: usluge privatnih agencija za posredovanje u zapošljavanju i javnih službi za zapošljavanje
Uprkos stabilnom ekonomskom rastu u posljednje vrijeme u Bosni i Hercegovini, kao i predviđenom rastu od 3,2 procenta za 2018., BiH se i dalje suočava sa povećanim nivoom nezaposlenosti, naročito među mladima.

Vlasti u BiH ulažu značajna sredstva u promociju prilika za zapošljavanje kako bi odgovorile izazovu ovih alarmantnih statistika. Te se usluge uglavnom sastoje od posredovanja pri zapošljavanju kao što su savjetovanje ili povezivanje nezaposlenih sa poslodavcima, te finansijskih poticaja poslodavcima kada zaposle osobu sa evidencije nezaposlenih. Ali obzirom na veličinu i istrajnost problema nezaposlenosti, moraju se koristiti i drugi, efektivniji pristupi, kao nadopuna postojećih praksi. Jedan takav pristup je podugovaranje dijela usluga zapošljavanja sa privatnim agencijama za zapošljavanje.

 

Could private job services help address the unemployment challenge in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Josefina Posadas's picture
Also available in: Bosanski
Employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina: private and public employment services
Despite recent stability in economic growth in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with 3.2% growth projected for 2018, the country continues to experience an elevated level of unemployment, especially among young people.

To help address these alarming statistics, the governments in Bosnia and Herzegovina are investing substantial resources in promoting employment opportunities. These services comprise mostly job intermediation, such as counseling or job matching, and financial incentives to employers when they hire registered unemployed people. But given the magnitude and persistence of the unemployment problem, there must be other, more effective approaches that could be deployed to complement ongoing practices. One such approach is outsourcing selected employment services to private job brokers.

 

Život na margini: Iskustva LGBTI osoba u jugoistočnoj Evropi

Linda Van Gelder's picture
Also available in: English | Shqip | Русский


Mi u Svjetskoj banci smo svjesni da je socijalna inkluzija, ne samo ispravan, već i ekonomski mudar, pristup. Što je društvo inkluzivnije, veća je vjerovatnoća da će bolje iskoristiti svoj cjelokupni ljudski kapital. Otvoreniji i inkluzivniji gradovi imaju veće šanse za privlačenje međunarodnog kapitala i talenata. Otvorenije i inkluzivnije države predstavljaju privlačnije međunarodne turističke destinacije.

2.300 LGBTI osoba iz Albanije, Bosne i Hercegovine, Hrvatske, s Kosova, BJR Makedonije, Crne Gore i Slovenije je iznijelo svoja iskustva u, do sada najvećem, istraživanju  seksualnih i rodnih manjina u regiji. Izvještaj ovog istraživanja pod nazivom “Život na margini: Rezultati istraživanja iskustava LGBTI osoba u jugoistočnoj Evropi” daje detaljan prikaz odgovora i ukazuje na diskriminaciju, isključivanje i nasilje.

Life on the Margins: experiences of LGBTI people in southeastern Europe

Linda Van Gelder's picture
Also available in: Bosanski | Shqip | Русский


At the World Bank, we know that social inclusion is not only the right thing but also the economically smart thing to do. More inclusive societies are more likely to make the most of their entire stock of human capital. More open and inclusive cities are better placed to attract international capital and talent. More open and inclusive countries make more attractive international tourist destinations.

2,300 LGBTI people from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia, Montenegro, and Slovenia shared their experiences in the largest-ever survey of sexual and gender minorities in the region. The research report “Life on the Margins: Survey Results of the Experiences of LGBTI People in Southeastern Europe” provides a detailed account of the responses and tells a story of discrimination, exclusion, and violence.

Working Across Borders to Improve Early Warnings in South Eastern Europe

Daniel Werner Kull's picture

A massive storm system brought historic flooding across South Eastern Europe in 2014, causing more than $2 billion in damages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and shrinking Serbia’s economy by nearly a full percent. Two years later, in August 2016, thunderstorms in the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia dropped 93 liters of precipitation per square meter in just a few hours, sparking flash floods in the capital, Skopje, that killed at least 21 people.
 
In both cases, some of these impacts could have been reduced by improving cross-border monitoring and forecasting while strengthening early warning services at a national level. Fortunately, governments are now working together to improve information exchanges across boundaries and strengthening regional early warning systems through the South-East European Multi-Hazard Early Warning Advisory System.

The key to unlocking the economic potential of the Western Balkans? Women.

Linda Van Gelder's picture
Also available in: Shqip | Русский
Since arriving to the Western Balkans nearly one year ago, I have had the distinct pleasure of working with extraordinary people around the region - one of the most interesting and dynamic locations in the world. Not a day goes by that I am not inspired by the likes of Marija Bosheva’s, who is studying to become a scientist at a new laboratory for oenology and soil science in the FYR Macedonia, or Valoriana Hasi, a young Kosovar now working in ICT after completing a training for women in online work.
 
Stories like these remind me of the vast economic potential of this region, especially if countries here tap into one of their most valuable resources: women.
 

How do courts impact the business climate… really?

Georgia Harley's picture
Also available in: Русский
Tim Cordell, Cartoonstock.com

We know that the justice system dampens the business climate in many of the countries where we work. In Bank reports, national strategies, and in common parlance, we lament that poorly performing courts delay business activity, undermine predictability, increase risks and constrain private sector growth. Going further, we conclude that weak justice systems disproportionately hamper micro, small and medium sized enterprises (MSMEs) because they have less buffer to absorb these problems - which can become make-or-break for their businesses.

So that’s the ‘what’ but, precisely, how, do courts impact businesses?
 

What do we know about the development outcomes of LGBTI people?

Dominik Koehler's picture
We all know, sadly, that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people suffer discrimination and stigma. This happens around the world, particularly in developing countries.  But how does this discrimination affect their lives, their development outcomes? 

Let’s find out.
Shutterstock.com

The economic benefits of LGBTI inclusion

Georgia Harley's picture
Civil Rights Defenders/Photo: Vesna Lalic
Civil Rights Defenders/Photo: Vesna Lalic
Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people is an all too familiar story. Members of this community are frequent targets of violence and other human rights abuses, and often face prejudice and hardship at work, in their communities, and at home.

Action is needed to address these problems and ensure that everyone – regardless of race, gender, age, sexual orientation, or gender identity - has an equal chance to live a healthy and prosperous life
This is not only the right thing to do, it also makes economic sense: a growing body of evidence indicates that discrimination against LGBTI people has a negative economic impact on society.

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