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Growth in Central Asia hinges on creating more jobs with higher wages

Lilia Burunciuc's picture
Also available in: Русский


Jobs and wage growth have been the most important driver of poverty reduction globally, and Central Asia. In Tajikistan, for example, it has cut poverty by about two-thirds since 2003. In Kazakhstan, it accounted for more than three-quarters of income growth over the past decade — even among the poorest 20 percent. The other Central Asian nations have also achieved significant economic growth and poverty reduction in the past two decades due to income growth.

But poverty-reduction rates have slowed. In Kyrgyzstan, they began slowing during the global recession of 2008, as income growth faltered. Poverty reduction in Tajikistan leveled off in 2015, when wage growth slackened and remittances from Tajiks working overseas fell.

In Uzbekistan, more than 90 percent of the poorest households have identified lack of jobs as their most urgent priority. For these families, the prospect of increasing their income is slim, while the likelihood of transmitting poverty to their children is high.

So what should countries in Central Asian do to build on their past achievements and prepare their citizens for the jobs of the future?

Metropolitan development is central to Romania’s economic development

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: Română | Русский
Metropolitan development is important for Romania’s growth. An analysis prepared by the World Bank for the Romanian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MRDPA) indicates that Romania’s eight largest metropolitan areas (Bucharest, Brașov, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Craiova, Iași, Ploiești and Timișoara) concentrate 50 percent of Romania’s population and generate 75 percent of firm revenues in the country.

Metropolitan areas are the economic engines of a country, and if these engines do not work well, neither does the economy as a whole. Unfortunately, in Romania, these engines do not function properly, highlights another World Bank analysis prepared for MRDPA. There are only a few cities that have a functional metropolitan public transport system (e.g. Alba Iulia, Cluj-Napoca), few cities that have prepared spatial plans for the metropolitan area (e.g. Brăila, Brașov, Craiova), and even fewer that have managed to implement projects at the metropolitan level (e.g. Constanța).

What are some of the challenges facing metropolitan areas in Romania?

Dezvoltarea metropolitană este vitală pentru dezvoltarea economică a României

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: English | Русский
Dezvoltarea metropolitană este importantă pentru creşterea României. O analiză realizată de Banca Mondială pentru Ministerul Dezvoltării Regionale și Administrației Publice (MDRAP) indică faptul că cele mai mari opt zone metropolitane ale României [1] (Bucureşti, Brașov, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Craiova, Iași, Ploiești şi Timișoara) concentrează 50% din populaţia României şi 75% din veniturile fixe ale ţării.
 
Zone metropolitane mari sunt de o importanţă vitală pentru economia oricărei ţări. Un raport întocmit de EuroStat evidenţiază faptul că zonele metropolitane din UE generează aproximativ 70% din PIB, înregistrează cele mai rapide rate de creştere a populaţiei, generează o cotă semnificativă din numărul noilor locuri de muncă create şi concentrează o cotă semnificativă de absolvenţi de învățământ terţiar.

Care sunt unele dintre provocările cu care se confruntă zonele metropolitane din România?