This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Even if the technologies are available, businesses and individuals often lack the necessary skills to use them. And these skill gaps exist at multiple levels. (Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank) As we…

Luc Christiaensen, Siddhartha Raja |

Technology is making work less manual and routine, and more interactive and creative-cognitive. But not all those who lose routine jobs will find new non-routine, interactive, and creative-…

Christian Bodewig |

Graduating university students in Kazakhstan. Photo: Maxim Zolotukhin / The World Bank   Just to be clear, this is not about the American TV show formerly hosted by President-elect Donald Trump…

Ganesh Rasagam |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain some of…

Miles McKenna |